Journal of Material Sciences & Engineering

ISSN: 2169-0022

Open Access

29Si and 27Al MAS NMR Characterization of the Structural Evolution of a Lateritic Clay under Acidic and Alkaline Treatments


Herve Goure-Doubi, Valérie Montouillout, Gisèle L Lecomte-Nana, Benoît Naît-Ali, Léon Koffi Konan and Agnès Smith

In the present work the modifications induced by the geomimetic processing on the environment of silicon and aluminum atoms are finely characterized by solid state MAS NMR. The raw clay (Lat), a lateritic clay from Yaoundé (Cameroon), contains kaolinite, quartz, hematite and goethite as major mineral phases. This material is treated under acidic conditions during 24 h (LatAF) and then under alkaline conditions during 18 days, leading to the final consolidated “geomimetic” product (LatAFCH). The samples have been characterized by 29Si and 27Al solid state NMR at each step of the process.
The NMR spectra obtained for the starting clay indicate the presence of AlIV and AlVI populations together with silicon Q(0 or 1Al) and Q(0 or 1Al) environments located at δiso=-83 ppm and δiso=-91 ppm respectively.
The acidic reaction during 24 h, does not significantly affect the silicon-rich layers. It induces a conversion of part of AlIV population into AlVI environment mainly related to the occurrence of six-fold organo-aluminum complexes when using fulvic acid. With inorganic acid, Al dissolution prevails.
The neutralization (using lime) of the medium, followed by ageing for 18 days, promotes clay interactions with available calcium ions. The newly formed phases are cementitious CSH, CASH and CAH phases.


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