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Chemical Sciences Journal

ISSN: 2150-3494

Open Access

Effect of Maize/Millet Malt Hydrolysis and Baker?¢????s Yeast/Burukutu Starter Fermentation on the Yield of Ethanol from Dioscorea Spp (Yam)

Abstract

Apeh Daniel Ojochenemi and Egwim Evans Chidi

The ethanol production ability of baker’s yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) and burukutu starter culture were examined on yam starch hydrolyzed with malts of maize and millet. Four substrate treatments which include yam starch (as control), yam starch hydrolyzed with millet malt (B), yam starch hydrolyzed with maize malt (C) and yam starch hydrolyzed with a mixture both millet and maize malt (D) were prepared in duplicate and made up to 600 ml. Baker’s yeast (4.40 g) was inoculated on one set of four while burukutu starter was inoculated on the other set of four and fermented for a period of four days at a temperature of 26°C. The pH was observed to drop as fermentation period increased, the highest ethanol yield of up to 74.5 g/Kg was obtained from starch hydrolyzed with maize malt and inoculated with baker’s yeast. Yam is a potential source of industrial scale ethanol production, there was a significant difference (p<0.05) between maize and millet malts in ethanol yield but between baker’s yeast and burukutu starter culture fermentation there was no significant difference (p<0.05), the interaction between malts and the inoculums was significant (p<0.05). Ethanol yield strongly depends on the hydrolysis of yam starch into fermentable sugar.

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