Environmental & Analytical Toxicology

ISSN: 2161-0525

Open Access

Characteristics of Melting Incinerator Ashes Using a Direct Current Plasma Torch


Xinchao Pan ,Zhengmiao Xie *

Fly ashes both from municipal solid waste incinerator (MSWI) and medical waste incinerator (MWI) are classified as hazardous materials because they contain high amounts of heavy metals. In present these contaminant ashes have become a major environmental problem. In this study, we determine the ability of these contaminating heavy metals to be incorporated into a glass-matrix and in various mineral phases after a high temperature melting process using a direct current plasma torch. After the melting process, the leaching characteristics of heavy metals in fly ash and vitrified slag were investigated using the toxicity characteristic leaching procedure (TCLP), and the products also were characterized by X-ray diffractometry (XRD) for crystal structure determination, and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) for microstructure/morphology observation. After vitrification, there were prominent changes in microstructures and crystalline phases between produced slags and raw ashes. TCLP results indicate the leaching level of heavy metals in slags decreases obviously and additives such as silica and liquid ceramic (LC) contribute to high effect on immobilization of heavy metals in a host glass matrix.


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