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Vitamins & Minerals

ISSN: 2376-1318

Open Access

Current Issue

Volume 10, Issue 2 (2021)

    Commentary Pages: 1 - 2

    25th International Conference on Clinical Nutrition Scheduled on March 02-03, 2020 Rome, Italy.

    Royce V

    Clinical nutrition is nutrition of patients in health care. Clinical in this sense refers to the management of patients, including not only outpatients at clinics, but also inpatients in hospitals. It incorporates primarily the scientific fields of nutrition and dietetics. It aims to keep a healthy energy balance in patients, as well as providing sufficient amounts other nutrients such as protein, vitamins and minerals.

    Short Communication Pages: 1 - 2

    Advancement in Food Technologies Food Chemistry Congress 2021.

    Rammal L

    We feel honoured to welcome you to “Food Chemistry Congress 2020”. The congress is scheduled to happen on August 24 – 25, 2020 at the beautiful city of London, UK. This Food Chemistry Congress 2020 will give you an exemplary experience and enormous ideas in the research field. Food Chemistry Congress 2020 provides you a great networking with peer network. Also, comprise, 10+ Keynote Speaker Session, 50+ speaker faculty over 2 full days sharing evidence Based, 5+ Workshops, 13 Interactive sessions, Mixture of Health care units and Academia Delegates, Networking provide a dedicated forum for the advancement, execution, and exchange of information about Food Chemistry & Nutrition . Professionals giving a chief specialized gathering to detailing and finding out about the most recent new era advancements created over the span of time alongside examining their applications. Generally acclaimed speakers, the most recent techniques, methodologies, and the most breakthrough updates in Nutrition are indications of this online meeting/webinar/podcast

    Editorial Note Pages: 1 - 1

    Editorial note on importance of Vitamin- D

    Sanchika kd

    Vitamins & Minerals Journal covers the information regarding Micro nutrients, Trace minerals, Probiotics, Multivitamins, Macro nutrients, Vitamin A, Vitamin B, Vitamin C, Vitamin D, Beta Carotene, Flavonoids, Biotin, Folic acid, Riboflavin, Mineral density, Essential Vitamins. The Journal has a wide range of fields in its discipline to create a platform for the authors to make their contribution towards the journal. WHO declared SARS-CoV-2 a global pandemic. The present aim was to propose an hypothesis that there is a potential association between mean levels of vitamin D in various countries with cases and mortality caused by COVID-19. The mean levels of vitamin D for 20 European countries and morbidity and mortality caused by COVID-19 were acquired. Negative correlations between mean levels of vitamin D (average 56 mmol/L, STDEV 10.61) in each country and the number of COVID-19 cases/1 M (mean 295.95, STDEV 298.7, and mortality/1 M (mean 5.96, STDEV 15.13) were observed. Vitamin D levels are severely low in the aging population especially in Spain, Italy and Switzerland. This is also the most vulnerable group of the population in relation to COVID-19. It should be advisable to perform dedicated studies about vitamin D levels in COVID-19 patients with different degrees of disease severity.

    Editor Note Pages: 1 - 1

    Editorial Note on Essential Vitamins and Minerals for Health

    Srikanth

    The basic substances that our bodies need to grow and function normally are vitamins and minerals. A, C, D, E, and K are recognized vitamins, and B vitamins include: thiamin (B1), riboflavin (B2), niacin (B3), pantothenic acid (B5), pyridoxal (B6), cobalamin (B12), biotin, and folate/folic acid. For health, a variety of minerals are essential: calcium, phosphorus, potassium, sodium, chloride, magnesium, selenium. 'Vitamin means' essential to life. Compounds necessary for the proper functioning of our bodies are vitamins and minerals. To help us develop, to see correctly, to shape bones, muscles, skin and organs, as well as to help us combat infections, we need vitamins and minerals. Deficiencies in some minerals and vitamins can lead to serious issues. Providing a wide range of fresh foods from the five food groups, including whole grain bread and cereals, vegetables, fruit, meat, fish, poultry, eggs, nuts and legumes, and dairy products such as milk, cheese and yoghurt, is the best way to ensure your child receives enough vitamins and minerals for balanced growth and development.

    Editorial Pages: 1 - 1

    Editorial Note for Journal of Vitamins & Minerals

    Beaulla Evangellin

    I am pleased to introduce Journal of Vitamins & Minerals (VTE) a rapid peer reviewed Journal which have a key concerns over the Food & Nutrition which covers the knowledge regarding Micro nutrients, Trace minerals, Probiotics, Multivitamins, Macro nutrients, Vitamins, Beta Carotene, Flavonoids, Biotin, Folic acid, Riboflavin, Mineral density. The Journal features a wide selection of fields in its discipline to form a platform for the authors to make their contribution towards the journal. I am pleased to announce that, all issues of volume 09 were published online well within the time and therefore the print issues were also brought out and dispatched within 30 days of publishing the issue online during the year of 2020.

    Volume 10, Issue 3 (2021)

      Editorial Note Pages: 1 - 1

      Short Editorial Note for Vitamins & Minerals

      Beaulla Evangellin

      I am pleased to introduce Journal of Vitamins & Minerals (VTE) a rapid peer reviewed Journal which have a key concerns over the Food & Nutrition which covers the knowledge regarding Micro nutrients, Trace minerals, Probiotics, Multivitamins, Macro nutrients, Vitamins, Beta Carotene, Flavonoids, Biotin, Folic acid, Riboflavin, Mineral density. The Journal features a wide selection of fields in its discipline to form a platform for the authors to make their contribution towards the journal. I am pleased to announce that, all issues of volume 09 were published online well within the time and therefore the print issues were also brought out and dispatched within 30 days of publishing the issue online during the year of 2020.

      Research Article Pages: 1 - 5

      Identification and Treatment of Hypovitaminosis-D among In-Patients Setting of Cavan General Hospital, Ireland and Its Implication on Different Health Perspectives on Quality of Life

      Ishaq-Khan MR, Muthalagu P, Yousaf A, Bashir F and Hannan K

      Aim: : People who are at risk of developing vitamin D deficiency are not usually tested for vitamin D when present to hospital. The aim of this study was to explore the incidence of Hypovitaminosis-D and its treatment in admitted patient category of Cavan General Hospital, Ireland. Methods: This is a cross sectional study which was conducted randomly among admitted patients in medicine department at CGH from August 2016 to August 2017. A random data was collected from total of 100 patients. All blood samples were stored and labeled properly in the CGH Hematology lab till further blood profile analyzed. Data was statistically analyzed through using DSAASTAT (Onofri, Italy). Results: Selected population of 100 patients expressed almost equal numbers in gender distribution including males and females at 51% and 49% respectively. The data was analyzed on the basis of age and gender distribution. Selected Population was divided in 3 age groups. There were 9 patients under the age-group of 30-50 years, 47 of 51-80 years and 44 of >80 years age-group. Among these patients, males comprised of 57% with hypovitaminosis D (vitamin D deficiency) and females were 43% respectively. Out of these 100 patients, 33 people were recorded with normal vitamin D level and 67 patients found to have low vitamin D level. These 67 patients with low vitamin D levels were selected for treatment with vitamin D as per guidelines. Out of these 67 patients, unfortunately 3 people died, 11 lost their follow up, so remaining 53 patients participated in receiving treatments. Out of those 53 patients with low vitamin D, there were 29 males and 24 females. After receiving treatment with vitamin D, 40 people ± 0.0001 recovered, showing vitamin D level >30 nmol/L, 9 patients ± 0.0002 found mildly deficient with vitamin D levels between 21-30 nmol/L and 4 patients ± 0.0003 were severely deficient with levels of <10 nmol/L. All those people with severe deficiency were more than 80 years-of-age and also were not sure about their compliance with medications. The probability value was p ≤ 0.05. Conclusion: This study was conducted to determine hypovitaminosis D (Vitamin D deficiency) in population, admitted to hospital with previous comorbid medical conditions which are prone to develop its deficiency. This study showed that 67% population has hypovitaminosis D with almost equal percentage in both genders. After receiving treatments with Vitamin D replacement, almost majority (>90%) showed recovery of vitamin D levels with very small number (8%) showed persistent severely low levels.

      Editorial Pages: 1 - 1

      Vitamins & Minerals: Path to Improved Health

      Vitamins & Minerals

      Micronutrients are vitamins and minerals found in food that help to nourish and sustain your health. They are essential for your overall well-being. The best way for your body to get what it needs to be balanced is to eat foods rich in vitamins and minerals every day. However, studies consistently show that most Americans' diets are deficient in vitamins and minerals. Adult Americans, according to the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), do not get enough of the following nutrients: Magnesium, fibre, calcium, potassium, Vitamins A, C, D, and E all contain. Try to incorporate more of these nutrients in your daily diet. It’s best to get these nutrients through food, instead of just taking a multivitamin. This is because it is easier for your body to absorb micronutrients through food. Calcium is a mineral that is present in, it is needed for the development of strong bones and teeth in childhood and adolescence. Calcium is necessary to maintain bone mass as an adult. According to the USDA, the average American adult can consume 1,136 milligrammes of calcium per day (based on a 2,000-calorie diet).

      Research Article Pages: 1 - 4

      Injectable Vitamin D for Bariatric Patients Unresponsive to Oral Supplementation

      Ara Keshishian, Terhas Asfiha Weldeslase and Miguel Rosado

      Introduction: With an increasing incidence of obesity and weight loss surgery, there is an increased awareness of vitamin D deficiency and its metabolic sequala. The conventional treatment for vitamin D deficiency is not adequate for a subset of bariatric patients, both pre-and postoperatively. Compounded injectable vitamin D is an alternative for most people who do not respond adequately to oral Vitamin D supplements after bariatric surgery. Method: Those patients diagnosed with vitamin D deficiency were all prescribed oral supplementations and levels rechecked in three and six months and yearly after that. Our recommendations included Vitamin D injections to those patients who had either not responded or further worsened their vitamin D levels. Repeat levels of vitamin D of both those on injection and oral supplements were rechecked. We did not include those Patients with preexisting Primary hyperparathyroidism or hypercalcemia. Their work up included medical, nutritional, and psychological evaluations, also to complete metabolic panel. At the time of the operation, all patients were older than 18 years old and younger than 67. Results: Between February 2011 and June 2019, 147 patients were recommended vitamin D injections since oral supplements failed to improve the serum levels. There was a significant improvement in the Serum level for those patients who received Vitamin D compared to those who continued on higher dose oral supplements. Conclusion: Compounded Vitamin D injections should be considered a treatment option for patients who do not respond to oral supplementations following weight loss surgery.

      Review Article Pages: 1 - 2

      Vitamin B 12 Assay: Are we on Track

      Rateesh Sareen* and G N Gupta

      Vitamin B12 assay is one of the most frequently ordered tests particularly as a part of regular medical checkups. The deficiency is rampant in vegetarian population. It is of immense importance that laboratories establish their own reference interval (RI) of analyte specially Vitamin B12 as a diagnosis of Vitamin B12 deficiency based on RI of kit insert inadvertently leads to unnecessary treatment or work up. A blind reliance on RI of kit insert should be discouraged as they do not take into account population characteristics and do not truly reflect RI specific to the population under study.

      Volume 10, Issue 4 (2021)

        Editorial Pages: 1 - 1

        Advantage of Vitamin- D for Health: Editorial

        Sanchika kd

        Vitamins & Minerals Journal covers the information regarding Micro nutrients, Trace minerals, Probiotics, Multivitamins, Macro nutrients, Vitamin A, Vitamin B, Vitamin C, Vitamin D, Beta Carotene, Flavonoids, Biotin, Folic acid, Riboflavin, Mineral density, Essential Vitamins. The Journal has a wide range of fields in its discipline to create a platform for the authors to make their contribution towards the journal.

        Editorial Pages: 1 - 1

        Vitamins Supplements Benefits for Day to Day life

        Alan M. Diamond

        Micronutrients are vitamins and minerals found in food that help to nourish and sustain your health. They are essential for your overall well-being. The best way for your body to get what it needs to be balanced is to eat foods rich in vitamins and minerals every day. However, studies consistently show that most Americans' diets are deficient in vitamins and minerals. Adult Americans, according to the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), do not get enough of the following nutrients: Magnesium, fibre, calcium, potassium, Vitamins A, C, D, and E all contain. Try to incorporate more of these nutrients in your daily diet. It’s best to get these nutrients through food, instead of just taking a multivitamin. This is because it is easier for your body to absorb micronutrients through food. Calcium is a mineral that is present in, it is needed for the development of strong bones and teeth in childhood and adolescence. Calcium is necessary to maintain bone mass as an adult. According to the USDA, the average American adult can consume 1,136 milligrammes of calcium per day (based on a 2,000-calorie diet).

        Editorial Pages: 1 - 1

        Highlights for Journal of Vitamins & Minerals: Editorial

        Sandy Barnabas

        I am pleased to introduce Journal of Vitamins & Minerals (VTE) a rapid peer reviewed Journal which have a key concerns over the Food & Nutrition which covers the knowledge regarding Micro nutrients, Trace minerals, Probiotics, Multivitamins, Macro nutrients, Vitamins, Beta Carotene, Flavonoids, Biotin, Folic acid, Riboflavin, Mineral density. The Journal features a wide selection of fields in its discipline to form a platform for the authors to make their contribution towards the journal. I am pleased to announce that, all issues of volume 08 were published online well within the time and therefore the print issues were also brought out and dispatched within 30 days of publishing the issue online during the year of 2019.

        Editorial Pages: 1 - 1

        Vitamins & Minerals: What are they and what Do they Do?

        Alan M. Diamond

        Micronutrients are vitamins and minerals found in food that help to nourish and sustain your health. They are essential for your overall well-being. The best way for your body to get what it needs to be balanced is to eat foods rich in vitamins and minerals every day. However, studies consistently show that most Americans' diets are deficient in vitamins and minerals. Adult Americans, according to the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), do not get enough of the following nutrients: Magnesium, fibre, calcium, potassium, Vitamins A, C, D, and E all contain. Try to incorporate more of these nutrients in your daily diet. It’s best to get these nutrients through food, instead of just taking a multivitamin. This is because it is easier for your body to absorb micronutrients through food. Calcium is a mineral that is present in, it is needed for the development of strong bones and teeth in childhood and adolescence. Calcium is necessary to maintain bone mass as an adult. According to the USDA, the average American adult can consume 1,136 milligrammes of calcium per day (based on a 2,000-calorie diet).

        Editorial Pages: 1 - 1

        Editorial Note on Vitamins & Minerals Journal

        Beaulla Evangellin

        I am pleased to introduce Journal of Vitamins & Minerals (VTE) a rapid peer reviewed Journal which have a key concerns over the Food & Nutrition which covers the knowledge regarding Micro nutrients, Trace minerals, Probiotics, Multivitamins, Macro nutrients, Vitamins, Beta Carotene, Flavonoids, Biotin, Folic acid, Riboflavin, Mineral density. The Journal features a wide selection of fields in its discipline to form a platform for the authors to make their contribution towards the journal. I am pleased to announce that, all issues of volume 09 were published online well within the time and therefore the print issues were also brought out and dispatched within 30 days of publishing the issue online during the year of 2020.

        Volume 10, Issue 5 (2021)

          Editorial Pages: 1 - 1

          Scenario of Vitamins and Minerals in Present Days

          Okhee Han

          Since ancient civilization, humans have applied mining techniques when mining rocks and minerals on Earth’s surface. The importance of minerals in our everyday lives can be recognized all around us. From eating nutrient-rich foods to powering smartphones with copper, almost everything we use is a mineral resource. Here are a few common ways we use minerals today.

          Editorial Pages: 1 - 1

          Impact on Lack of Vitamins and Minerals in Daily Life

          Eric J. Sorenson

          Vitamins and minerals are essential nutrients because they perform hundreds of roles in the body. There is a fine line between getting enough of these nutrients (which is healthy) and getting too much (which can end up harming you). Eating a healthy diet remains the best way to get sufficient amounts of the vitamins and minerals you need. Every day, your body produces skin, muscle, and bone. It churns out rich red blood that carries nutrients and oxygen to remote outposts, and it sends nerve signals skipping along thousands of miles of brain and body pathways. It also formulates chemical messengers that shuttle from one organ to another, issuing the instructions that help sustain your life. Vitamins and minerals are considered essential nutrients—because acting in concert, they perform hundreds of roles in the body. They help shore up bones, heal wounds, and bolster your immune system. They also convert food into energy, and repair cellular damage.

          Editorial Pages: 1 - 1

          Advantages of Vitamins and Minerals for Human Nutrition

          Okhee Han

          Mined minerals are an important part of human nutrition. Iron, manganese, selenium, and calcium all provide day-to-day nutrients that the body needs in order to function. Foods that are full of micronutrients (or vitamins and minerals) can help strengthen cells, fight against harmful viruses, and boost the immune system. MineralsÔ?»can be found in many of the products that we know and love. In fact, we use or consume more than 25 minerals daily.

          Editorial Pages: 1 - 1

          Role of Vitamin C Supplements for Health

          Alan M. Diamond

          Vitamin C, also known as ascorbic acid, is necessary for the growth, development and repair of all body tissues. It's involved in many body functions, including formation of collagen, absorption of iron, the proper functioning of the immune system, wound healing, and the maintenance of cartilage, bones, and teeth. Good sources of vitamin C: citrus fruit, such as oranges and orange juice, peppers, strawberries, blackcurrants,broccoli, brussels sprouts, potatoes. Vitamin C is a vital nutrient for health. It helps form and maintain bones, skin, and blood vessels. It is also an antioxidant.Vitamin C occurs naturally in some foods, especially fruits and vegetables. Vitamin C supplements are also available.Other names for vitamin C include L-ascorbic acid, ascorbic acid, and L-ascorbate. Vitamin C is water soluble, and the body does not store it. To maintain adequate levels of vitamin C, people need to consume food that contains it every day.

          Editorial Pages: 1 - 1

          Benefits of Ascorbic Acid (Vitamin C) for Disease Prevention

          Alan M. Diamond

          Vitamin C, also known as ascorbic acid, is necessary for the growth, development and repair of all body tissues. It's involved in many body functions, including formation of collagen, absorption of iron, the proper functioning of the immune system, wound healing, and the maintenance of cartilage, bones, and teeth. Good sources of vitamin C: citrus fruit, such as oranges and orange juice, peppers, strawberries, blackcurrants,broccoli, brussels sprouts, potatoes. Vitamin C is a vital nutrient for health. It helps form and maintain bones, skin, and blood vessels. It is also an antioxidant.Vitamin C occurs naturally in some foods, especially fruits and vegetables. Vitamin C supplements are also available.Other names for vitamin C include L-ascorbic acid, ascorbic acid, and L-ascorbate. Vitamin C is water soluble, and the body does not store it. To maintain adequate levels of vitamin C, people need to consume food that contains it every day.

 

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