Indiana Wesleyan University, USA
Scientific Tracks Abstracts: J Nurs Care
The purpose of the presentation is to discuss trends in pediatric nursing with a focus on childhood obesity, sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) and otitis media treatment. Nursing care of pediatric patients has changed over the years. Practices, once thought as normal practice have now been replaced by newer innovative care. Nurses must read the literature to stay abreast of new practices to remain updated with it in the field. Childhood obesity, treatment of otitis media and prevention of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) are just a few of the trending care topics. Childhood obesity is at epidemic rates in the US partially due to a more sedentary lifestyle than 20 years ago. School lunches had been filled with starch and fat. Busy parents often provide convenient foods or dine out as meals due to their busy schedules further adding more empty calories and a lack of nutritious foods. The nurse plays a crucial role in educating parents regarding making behavior changes for their children. Research revealed that nurses using motivational interview can help children make significant changes in their body mass index (BMI) Tucker S, Ytterberg K, Lenoch L, Schmit T, Mucha D, Wooten J, Lohse C, Austin C and Wahlen K (2013). Overuse of antibiotics results in multi-drug resistance as well as antibiotic use causing antibiotic related adverse effects such as diarrhea (McCormick D, Chonmaitree T, Pitman C, Saeed K, Friedman N, Uchida T and Baldwin C, 2005). Watchful waiting has been utilized as current practice in treating otitis media. Rather than to provide an antibiotic at the first signs of an ear infection, waiting up to 72 hours has allowed otitis media to resolve on its├ó┬?┬? own without an antibiotic therapy. In a comparative study, symptom resolution was quicker with antibiotic use but the number of patients that had complete resolution of symptoms was similar. The antibiotic group had a 74% resolution of symptoms at 7 days while the watchful waiting group had 53% (Hoberman A, Paradise J, Rockette H, Shaikh N, Wald E, Kearney D, Colborn D, Lusky M, Bhatnagear S, Haralam M, Zoffel L, Jenkins C, Pope M, Balentine T, and Barbadora A, 2011). Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) has been linked to prone sleeping, sharing a bed and sleeping on a surface not indicated for sleeping (Allen P, 2013). The ├ó┬?┬?Back to Sleep├ó┬?┬Ł initiative began in 1994 by the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development recommending supine sleeping for infants. The number of infants sleeping in this position has greatly increased with overall SIDS rates decreasing. Current research on SIDS revealed that, nearly 70% of cases involved infants sleeping on surfaces not intended for infant sleeping (Allen P, 2013). Education of parents regarding safe sleeping is the primary role of the pediatric nurse in prevention of SIDS (Allen P, 2013).
Denise Brehmer has been a Registered Nurse for 36 years with experience as a Pediatric Nurse in the Acute Care Setting as well as the Community Setting. Having had a varied background in Nursing from Pediatrics to Critical Care and Community Health has allowed her to be an effective Faculty Member for the last 20 years. She is currently employed at Indiana Wesleyan University in the USA as an Assistant Professor of Nursing. She is also employed as a Nurse Practitioner in a Wellness Setting.
Journal of Nursing & Care received 3640 citations as per Google Scholar report