Abdelhafeez M. A. Mohammed
Accepted Abstracts: Altern Integ Med
The former Sudan is the largest country in Africa and the tenth in the World with an area of approximately 2.5 million square kilometers. Due to the referendum for southern Sudanese peoples in 2011, one third of area is separated and becomes a new country named ?Republic of South Sudan? whereas the remaining area has the old name ?Republic of the Sudan?. A large sector of the Sudanese population use traditional medicine to meet their primary health care needs. In addition to being accessible and affordable, it is part of their belief systems. Often, traditional medicine provides the only available health care service to the population in many parts of the country especially in the rural communities. This paper is concerned about the challenges, constrains and opportunities of the research in medicinal and aromatic herbs in Republic of the Sudan. Opportunities are great for collaborative efforts at national, regional and international levels for exploration and establishment of herbaria at national and state levels. Regarding the research on medicinal plants, there are a number of on-going research programs conducted by the Medicinal and Aromatic Plants Research Institute (MAPRI) and limited research groups in the institutions. However, these efforts are hampered by many constrains such as lack of funds, inadequate personnel and inadequate resource materials. The funds come from the Ministry of Science and Technology to MAPRI is not enough but nothing come from Ministry of Higher Education to the universities for purpose of research. Funds from donors and international institutions have been ceased since 1989 as political ramifications. Collaborative research work through networks is hampered by lack of funds, weak correspondence and some political ramifications beyond the capacity of the scientific communities. Moreover, research institutes are inadequately equipped (laboratory facilities) to monitor and protect the resource base. This report outlines the basic information about the status of indigenous medicinal and aromatic plants in the Sudan. It also highlights the diversity, socio-economic importance, status of research, threats and constraints to their development, management and utilization, research gaps and priority research areas.
Abdelhafeez M. A. Mohammed has awarded Ph.D. from University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Now, he is an assistant Professor at Department of Chemistry, Alzaiem Alazhari University, Sudan. He has published five papers in reputed journals and serving as an editorial board member of two periodicals: Journal of Applied and Industrial Sciences and International Journal of Advance Industrial Engineering.