Profile of nasal colonization from people living with HIV/AIDS with successive admissions

Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research

ISSN: 2155-6113

Open Access

Profile of nasal colonization from people living with HIV/AIDS with successive admissions

4th International Conference on HIV/AIDS, STDs and STIs

October 03-05, 2016 Orlando, Florida, USA

Lilian Andreia Fleck Reinato, Daiana Patricia Marchetti Pio, Leticia Pimenta Lopes, Fernanda Maria Vieira Pereira and Elucir Gir

Universiy of S�£o Paulo, Brazil
Federal University of the Triangulo Mineiro, Brazil
Fluminense Federal University, Brazil

Posters & Accepted Abstracts: J AIDS Clin Res

Abstract :

People living with HIV/AIDS (PLWH) are highly vulnerable to colonization by sensitive and/or resistant microorganisms, some risk factors are previous hospitalization and use of antimicrobials. We conducted a cross-sectional study in two hospital unitsâ�� specialized care in HIV/AIDS. The nasal secretion samples were collected from PLWH hospitalized in the period from August 2011 to February 2015. All hospitalized patients were invited to participate in the study; the samples were composed by those who had more than one hospitalization during the collection period. Each patient was tested by the presence or absence of a nasal microorganism in the first and subsequent hospitalization. The descriptive statistics were used, obtaining the frequency of each variable and the analytics to compare the groups by the chi-square test or Fisher's exact test; it was considered the significance level as 5%. The data were analyzed using IBM SPSS version 20.0. The ethical aspects were contemplated. From the 527 participants 84 had more than one admission, thatâ��s the study sample. The average age was 40 years (SD�±9.1), 64.3% were male and 66.7% reported being white ethnicity, were using antimicrobial 72.6%. The successive hospitalizations were more observed among males (85.2%). Current antiretroviral therapy or use antimicrobial did not impact the association of microorganisms colonization (p=0.650; p=0.255), respectively. The presence of microorganism was identified in 53.6% of patients in some hospital. Staphylococcus aureus was isolated in 65.5% of samples when grouped all hospitalizations. The knowledge about the status of colonization of PLWH contributes to institute preventive measures to future infection.

Biography :

Lilian Andreia Fleck Reinato has completed his Master’s degree in 2012 from University of São Paulo at Ribeirão Preto College of Nursing. She is currently a Doctoral student and a Member from research group STI, HIV and AIDS since 2010.


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