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Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research

ISSN: 2155-6113

Open Access

Article in Press

Volume 11, Issue 9 (2020)

    Research Pages: 1 - 5

    Development of the Malay Version of the English HIV Stigma Questionnaire: A Review

    Mohd Shaiful Azlan Bin Kassim1, Nor Asiah Muhammad2, Muhd Hafizuddin Taufik bin Ramli1, Azlinda Azman3, Mohd Hazrin Hasim Hashim1, Hanif bin Bistari1, Fazila Haryati binti Ahmad1, Nik Adilah Binti Shahein1, Muhammad Solihin bin Rezali1, Chan Ying Ying1, Norhafizah Binti Sahril1, Nor` Ain Bt Ab Wahab1, Mohd Hatta Bin Abd Mutalip1 and Noor Ani binti Ahmad1

    DOI: 10.37421/jar.2020.11.822

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    Background: HIV Stigma impeded the screening, treatment and compliance of HIV/AIDS management. Therefore, the data on the burden of HIV stigma is vital. This study aims to examine the cross-cultural translation adaption of the Malay version of HIV Stigma Questionnaires and also examine its validity and reliability.

    Materials and Methods: The standard English version of the HIV Stigma Questionnaire by The Global Stigma and Discrimination Indicator Working Group (GSDIWG) and STRIVE research consortium was undergone a Malay translation via forward-backward methods. Content validity by the expert committees and reliability by preliminary pilot testing was done.

    Results: The content validity was approved by the expert committees with acceptable reliability during the preliminary survey analysis. Internal consistency was acceptable with Cronbach’s alpha value was 0.76.

    Conclusion: The validation of the Malay version of HIV Stigma questionnaire reveals an excellent cross-cultural adaption, content validation and reliability. This Malay version is open for potential Malaysia’s HIV Stigma studies in the future in parallel with our national strategic planning on HIV to end HIV by 2030.

    Background: HIV Stigma impeded the screening, treatment and compliance of HIV/AIDS management. Therefore, the data on the burden of HIV stigma is vital. This study aims to examine the cross-cultural translation adaption of the Malay version of HIV Stigma Questionnaires and also examine its validity and reliability.

    Materials and Methods: The standard English version of the HIV Stigma Questionnaire by The Global Stigma and Discrimination Indicator Working Group (GSDIWG) and STRIVE research consortium was undergone a Malay translation via forward-backward methods. Content validity by the expert committees and reliability by preliminary pilot testing was done.

    Results: The content validity was approved by the expert committees with acceptable reliability during the preliminary survey analysis. Internal consistency was acceptable with Cronbach’s alpha value was 0.76.

    Conclusion: The validation of the Malay version of HIV Stigma questionnaire reveals an excellent cross-cultural adaption, content validation and reliability. This Malay version is open for potential Malaysia’s HIV Stigma studies in the future in parallel with our national strategic planning on HIV to end HIV by 2030.

    Research Pages: 1 - 8

    Predictors of human death per Road Traffic Injury in Bahir Bar City, North- Western Ethiopia

    Metadel Azeze, Awoke Seyoum Tegegne*

    DOI: 10.37421/jar.2020.11.820

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    Background: Road traffic injuries are a major public health problem in developing countries, affecting the health conditions as well as economic activities in Africa. The objective of current study was assessing the predictors of the number of human death per road traffic injury in Bahir Dar city, North-western part of Ethiopia.

    Materials and Methods: Data collected by traffic police at Bahir Dar city from july2015-june2017 was included under current investigation. A random sample of 172 samples was selected out of 907 registered injuries in the study area. In this study, Zero inflated Quasi- Poisson Regression Model was used for data analysis. Zero Inflated Quasi-Poisson regression models provided more appropriate fit to the number of human death per road traffic injury data included in current investigation.

    Results: Among the potential predictors, Age of vehicles, sex of driver, age of driver, driving after alcohol drinking, driving under fatigue, not give priority, days of weeks, regular services/maintenance of vehicles, yearly technical checking of vehicles, road condition, overloading, over speeding and type of crush were found to be statistically significant predictors for the number of human death per road traffic injury.

    Conclusion: Important factors are identified for the cause of the number of human death per road traffic injury. Awareness should be created for those drivers who are driving after drinking alcohol, for those drivers driving on wet road, for those drivers who are driving over speed, overload and for those drivers driving under fatigue. Awareness should be also given for drivers in order to respect the traffic rules.

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