Pervin Gokay and Sevinc Tastan
Gulhane Military Medical Academy, Turkey
Posters & Accepted Abstracts: J Nurs Care
Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome (OSAS) is a disorder characterized by episodes of apnea and hypopnea during sleep and can cause serious complications in people such as hypoxemia and hypercapnia. It was indicated in a report published in 2012 by American Society of Peri-Anesthesia Nurses (ASPAN) that estimated incidence of OSAS was changing between 3-7% in men and 2-5% in women and this ratio increases up to 41% in individuals with obesity and comorbid disease. Epidemiological studies indicate that 80-90% of patients with OSAS have not been diagnosed. The prevalence of OSAS in surgical population is more than in society and this rate rises to 24%. Being high of this rate increases the risk of the development of cardiopulmonary complications in perioperative period. In a guide published in 2006 by American Association of Anesthetists (ASA) to prevent the development of complications, it is recommended that all surgical patients should be evaluated in OSAS in preoperative period. Nurses that are responsible for perioperative care of patients with OSAS have important responsibilities in the prevention, treatment and care of cardiopulmonary complications. It is especially important for the patient to be evaluated with diagnostic and screening tests in terms of OSAS in preoperative period and nursing interventions made for it in perioperative period is important for providing patient safety and quality of care. In this study, it is intended to review in the light of current information of the perioperative nursing care of patients diagnosed with OSAS or with high risk of OSAS.
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