Patent eligibility challenges to biologics under America Invents Act (AIA) and Myriad

Journal of Bioanalysis & Biomedicine

ISSN: 1948-593X

Open Access

Patent eligibility challenges to biologics under America Invents Act (AIA) and Myriad

4th International Conference and Exhibition on Biologics & Biosimilars

October 26-28, 2015 Baltimore, USA

Raj S Dav?©1, Neil Shivraj Davey2, Sonya R Davey3 and Sreenivas Gannavaram4

1Pillsbury Winthrop Shaw Pittman LLP, USA 2Harvard University, USA 3University of Cambridge, UK 4FDA, USA

Scientific Tracks Abstracts: J Bioanal Biomed

Abstract :

Biologics are products manufactured from living matter or manufactured in living cells using recombinant DNA biotechnologies. In Diamond v. Chakrabarty, the US Supreme Court held that a â??non-naturally occurring manufacture or composition of mattera product of human ingenuity â?? having a distinctive name, character, [and] useâ? is patent eligible subject matter. Relying solely on the distinction between â??product of natureâ?? and â??non-naturally occurring manufacture or composition of matter,â?? currently all types of non-naturally occurring biologics are patent eligible in the US. However, this expansive scope of patent eligibility in the US may be curtailed for patenting biologics under AIA, and the US Supreme Court decision in Association for Molecular Pathology v. Myriad Genetics, Inc. AIA states, â??No patent may issue on a claim directed to or encompassing a human organism.â? Is it possible that the courts might decide that, under AIA, stem cells derived biologics fall within the scope of a human embryo? Subsequent to the passage of AIA, in Myriad, the US Supreme Court held that isolated DNA are not patent eligible, because isolated and purified human genes are indistinguishable from the products of nature, while cDNAs are patent eligible because they are synthetic DNA and are product of human ingenuity. In light of Myriad, biologics may be subject to contentions in aspect of patent eligibility, such as, are they synthetic products analogous to cDNA or mere isolation of naturally occurring products? It may be contended that isolated and purified biologics are essentially identical to naturally occurring biologics.

Biography :

Raj S Davé is a partner in the Intellectual Property Group of Pillsbury Winthrop Shaw Pittman LLP – a 700 attorney law firm. He focuses on strategic intellectual property counseling, patent prosecution, dispute resolution, licensing, technology transactions, intellectual property mining and enforcement, reexamination and reissue practice, pre-litigation opinions and patent litigation. He is the author or co-author of more than 30 scientific publications and about 15 legal publications.


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