Tely D Jangeer
Azadi Teaching Hospital, Iraq
Posters & Accepted Abstracts: J Nephrol Ther
Temporary drainage of the lower urinary tract by urethral stents is a routine procedure in endourology. Our aim was to evaluate pain and treatment options of stent-related pain. We carried out a systematic review according to the preferred reporting items for systematic reviews. 112 patients have been recorded. Available data clearly support the use of lubricant and lidocaine gel in patients suffering from catheter-related pain is clearly beneficial, however risks associated with local anaesthesia/antiseptic gel and the occurrence of paraphimosis are discussed. The pain associated with urethral catheter has variable causes: Patient's concept afraid from catheterization & pressure on the urethra caused by a large size catheter as the callibar size has its own painful effect, or from drainage bag traction, or due to bladder spasm or catheter blockage, and injury to the bladder and rectum (back pressure) caused by incorrectly inserting the catheter is addressed. In conclusion, once identified, the cause of catheter pain is often treatable, but should not affect the indication of catheterization, as the urinary retention and discomfort should be decompressed soon.
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Journal of Nephrology & Therapeutics received 708 citations as per Google Scholar report