Nearand#45;field enhancement SNOMand#45;a forgotten directly higher resolving technique than stochastic ones

Journal of Bioanalysis & Biomedicine

ISSN: 1948-593X

Open Access

Near-field enhancement SNOM-a forgotten directly higher resolving technique than stochastic ones

Joint Event on 12th International Conference on Genomics and Molecular Biology & 12th European Biosimilars Congress

April 15-17, 2019 Berlin, Germany

Gerd Kaupp

University of Oldenburg, Germany

Scientific Tracks Abstracts: J Bioanal Biomed

Abstract :

Light-microscope resolvability is limited by the Abbe diffraction limit (about/2, or 200 nm). The obvious choice to break that limit failed with aperture NSOM (near-field scanning optical microscopy) producing artifacts (7 types) with its hot probes. However, aperture less SNOM with sharply tapered uncoated dielectric tips (at high aspectratio) of shear-force atomic force microscopes succeeded, due to an unexpected physical effect: the strong reflection enhancement (2 to>50 fold, depending on material and dumping setting) of the light back to the illuminated quartz waveguide, occurring abruptly in shear-force distance. Different material properties provide chemical contrast on unstained real-world materials. Lateral optical resolution down to <8.6 nm is achieved, which highly supersede the possibilities of stochastic techniques such as STED, PALM, STORM etc, achieving only slight submicroscopic optical resolution. Only the latter require chemical reaction with fluorescence dyes, which profoundly and thoroughly changes them (for example their hydrogen bonding, natural coiling, etc.) They obtain only the dyes fluorescence and are exceedingly expensive. Nevertheless, the present hype on stochastic techniques appeared to forget about the more versatile, easy and cheap direct aperture less SNOM capabilities for revealing much smaller details (e.g. sub-organelles) with the chemical contrast plus concomitant genuine topography, and for in fact urgent validity check of the stochastic conclusions. Only the well-preceding aperture less SNOM applies to all types of pristine flat or rough surfaces (dielectric, semiconductive, metallic, fluorescing, non-fluorescing, organic, biological) at optical resolution down to <8.6 nm, and spectroscopic identification. All artifacts of metal-coated NSOM are avoided, and constant intensity measurements secure valid aperture less SNOM conditions. The enhanced reflected light has been diffracted for local Raman and fluorescence spectroscopy. Physical details and already available industrial applications are discussed. These cover nanoparticles, sub-organelle-features, blood-bags, diffusion coefficients, cancer detection/localization and dental-alloy nanopitting check. Nothing of that is available from the expensive stochastic techniques.

Biography :



Google Scholar citation report
Citations: 3099

Journal of Bioanalysis & Biomedicine received 3099 citations as per Google Scholar report

Journal of Bioanalysis & Biomedicine peer review process verified at publons

Indexed In

arrow_upward arrow_upward