Metabolomics and lipidomic profile of clinical serum samples from patients with liver disease

Metabolomics:Open Access

ISSN: 2153-0769

Open Access

Metabolomics and lipidomic profile of clinical serum samples from patients with liver disease

13th International Conference on Metabolomics and Systems Biology

October 11-12, 2018 | Zurich, Switzerland

Andrea Ragusa

University of Salento, Italy

Keynote: Metabolomics (Los Angel)

Abstract :

Statement of the Problem: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most common type of primary liver cancer and the third leading cause of cancer deaths worldwide. Unfortunately, early-stage HCC is asymptomatic and most patients already have an advanced stage at the time of diagnosis. Alpha fetal protein (AFP) is the current clinical biomarker used for the diagnosis and follow-up of HCC treatments. Nevertheless, its sensitivity is not satisfactory and there is an urgent need for the identification of novel more efficient biomarkers. In this regard, metabolomics can provide unique clinical information and it offers the possibility to understand the system-level effects of metabolites through its integration into multi-functional approaches. Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy already showed to be a valuable tool for metabolomic investigations, providing a system capable of studying and identifying novel biomarkers, as well as for yielding a metabolic fingerprint useful for the classification of several pathologies. Methodology: 1D and 2D 1H NMR spectroscopy, in combination with univariate and multivariate statistical analysis (MVA), was used to investigate the metabolic profile of serum samples from HCC, type-2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), and control subjects. The patients‚?? response to metformin or insulin treatment was also investigated. A similar analysis was also performed on the corresponding serum lipid extracts, yielding a more global view of the metabolic alterations occurring. Findings: Several metabolites directly or indirectly related to energy pathways were found to be either over- or under-expressed in pathological patients with respect to control patients. Among them, a substantial increase in lactate production, with the concomitant decrease of branched amino acids, was observed. Similarly, an increase in the total fatty acids (FA) with a concomitant decrease of unsaturated FA, phosphocholines, phospholipids, and cholesterol was also detected. Conclusion & Significance: NMR spectroscopy, in combination with MVA, allowed to gain a better insight into the metabolic alterations involved in HCC disease. The obtained metabolic fingerprints could be exploited in the early diagnosis of the disease as well as in its follow-up upon treatment. Recent Publications 1. Forner A, Reig M and Bruix J (2018) Hepatocellular carcinoma. Lancet. 391(1027):1301-1314. 2. El Serag H, Mason A and Key C (2001) Trends in survival of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma between 1977 and 1996 in the United States. Hepatology. 33(1):62-65. 3. Llovet J M et al. (2016) Hepatocellular carcinoma. Nat. Rev. Dis. Primers. 2:16018. 4. Everett J R (2017) NMR-based pharmacometabonomics: a new paradigm for personalized or precision medicine. Progr. Nucl. Magn. Reson. Spectrosc. 102:1-14.

Biography :

Andrea Ragusa pursued his PhD from the University of Southampton (UK) in 2005. He dedicated himself to nanomedicine and metabolomics by developing novel smart nanovectors for the targeted delivery of drugs and studying their effects in vitro through NMR and HPLC-MS investigations. He is an Organic Chemist with an expertise in analytical techniques. More recently, he shifted his efforts towards the analysis of clinical samples for better understanding the molecular mechanisms involved in several liver-related diseases, with particular attention to HCC (Hepatocellular carcinoma), as well as for identifying novel biomarkers and their exploitation, in combination with multivariate statistical analysis, in the early diagnosis and treatment of the disease.



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