Mechanism of physicochemical interactions of four Aβ42 peptids onto GM1 ganglioside-containing lipid membrane

Journal of Computer Science & Systems Biology

ISSN: 0974-7230

Open Access

Mechanism of physicochemical interactions of four Aβ42 peptids onto GM1 ganglioside-containing lipid membrane

6th International Conference on Bioinformatics & Systems Biology

August 22-23, 2016 Philadelphia, USA

Majid Vahed, Tyuji Hoshino, Tomoki Yoneda, Saburo Neya and Katsumi Matsuzaki

Chiba University, Japan
Kyoto University, Japan

Posters & Accepted Abstracts: J Comput Sci Syst Biol

Abstract :

The physicochemical interaction of amyloid ?² (A?²)-peptide with cell membrane and the subsequent aggregation of A?² have been reported to be involved in dozens of neurodegeneration diseases including Alzheimerâ??s disease. In this work, molecular dynamics (MD) simulation for four A?²42s was performed to investigate the behaviors of A?²42s on GM1-ganglioside-containing lipid membrane. The initial atom coordinate of A?²42 were extracted from one of the conformations which had been determined by solution nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy (PDB accession code: 1Z0Q). A computational model for mixed membrane was composed of 48 monosialotetrahexosylganglioside (GM1), 96 sphingomyelin (SM) and 96?²cholesterol (CHL). A 1000ns simulation was executed with NAMD 2.9 programs to analyze the probability of the A?² binding to the mixed lipid membrane. The hydrogen bond occupancy was calculated using visual molecular dynamics (VMD). Our MD simulation showed that A?²42s were tightly bounds to GM1-contaning lipid membrane and hardly detached from the membrane during the simulation. The molecular principal axis was almost parallel to the membrane surface through the simulation. The secondary structures of four A?²42s through MD simulations were examined, which indicated that the most frequent structure was helix?²but the residues 29~42 was strand form due to high hydrophobicity. Since, The h-bound interaction between A?²s was initially observed in C-terminal hydrophobic region and finally extended to the N-terminal that established close contact with the membrane. The complex of A?²s with the membrane was efficient to increase hydrophobicity at this area and plays a critical role in the oligomerization.

Biography :

Majid Vahed has completed his MS from Azad University and Doctoral studies from Chiba University School of Medicine. He is a Researcher and his research work focuses on “Molecular dynamic simulation of Alzheimer’s disease”. He has published more than two papers in international journals and has one patent.


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