Illuminating ligand-receptor interactions: New insights into gpcr pharmacology using fluorescent ligands

Medicinal Chemistry

ISSN: 2161-0444

Open Access

Illuminating ligand-receptor interactions: New insights into gpcr pharmacology using fluorescent ligands

2nd International Conference on Medicinal Chemistry & Computer Aided Drug Designing

October 15-17, 2013 Hampton Inn Tropicana, Las Vegas, NV, USA

Barrie Kellam

Accepted Abstracts: Med chem

Abstract :

G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) represent the largest family of transmembrane signaling proteins in the human genome and are estimated to be the target of approximately 40% of all currently marketed drugs. Using fluorescence as a means to study these important medicinal targets allows entry to a large range of pharmacological techniques that can capture dynamic processes involving unmodified receptors in live cells. As such, many fluorescently labeled agonist or antagonist have now been developed to target many GPCRs and permitted pharmacological measurements to be made down to the single cell and single molecule level. The major attraction of this approach is that detailed kinetic studies can be undertaken with the receptor in its native environment within the cell membrane. Furthermore the increased resolution and temporal capability of these techniques can also be applied to native cells endogenously expressing the receptor of interest. In this presentation, examples will be given of the development of fluorescent agonists and antagonists for the adenosine A1 and A3 receptors, and the β1- and β2-adrenoceptors as well as the various approaches that can be used to visualise their binding in single living cells. This will be illustrated with quantitative approaches to study ligand-binding properties using high content screening and its application to fragment-based drug discovery.

Biography :

Barrie Kellam is Associate Professor in Medicinal Chemistry in the School of Pharmacy, University of Nottingham. He graduated from the University of Nottingham with a degree in pharmacy and returned to undertake his Ph.D. under supervision of Prof. Barrie Bycroft. Postdoctoral researches experience with Prof Istvan Toth at the University of London preceded his first academic appointment. The Kellam group is focused on the medicinal chemistry of GPCRs alongside the area of fluorescent ligand design and their implementation in high-throughput and high-content bioassays. This work has led to the successful spinning out of CellAura Technologies Ltd.

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