Hepcidin, inflammation and iron supplementation in patients with chronic kidney diseases

Journal of Nephrology & Therapeutics

ISSN: 2161-0959

Open Access

Hepcidin, inflammation and iron supplementation in patients with chronic kidney diseases

19th Global Nephrologists Annual Meeting

May 14-15, 2018 | Rome, Italy

Diana Hrisstova Yonova, Ivan Trendafilov, V Manolov, B Atanasova, I Georgieva, V Papazov, V Vasilev, N Velkova and V Dimitrova

University Hospital ├ó┬?┬?Lozenetz├ó┬?┬Ł, Bulgaria
Medical University, Sofia, Bulgaria
University Dialysis Center, Bulgaria

Posters & Accepted Abstracts: J Nephrol Ther

Abstract :

CAim: The inflammation interferes with iron (Fe) utilization through hepcidin in patients with chronic kidney diseases (CKD). To evaluate the influence of iron therapy on the inflammation and change of hepcidin levels in patients with CKD on conservative treatment (COT) or on hemodialysis (HD) we measured sFe, ferritin, TSAT, and some inflammatory markers in group 1 (HD pts., treated with i.v. iron), group 2 (HD pts. without iron therapy and, group 3 ├ó┬?┬? patients with CKD on COT and group 4 - healthy controls. Methods: 32 HD pts., treated with i.v. iron, 30 HD pts., without iron therapy, 35 patients with CKD, without iron therapy, on COT and, 50 healthy controls were tested for sFe, ferritin, TSAT, C-reactive protein (CRP), TNF-alfa, IL-6, albumin (Alb) and hepcidin. ANOVA statistical analysis was made for the comparative analysis. Results: The both groups of HD patients had lower levels of Alb, and higher ferritin, TSAT, TNF-alfa, IL-6 and hepcidin than in the controls (p<0.001), but HD pts., supplied with i.v. iron showed significantly higher inflammatory markers than HD pts., without Fe supplementation (p<0.01). The CKD patients on COT had results different than of the controls and the HD patients on iron therapy but similar to HD patients without i.v. iron. Conclusions: The study suggests that CKD patients on COT or on HD have a chronic inflammatory status and application of i.v. iron even increases it. Surely that means an increased oxidative stress that must be further investigated and treated regularly.

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