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Facilitating tobacco dependence treatment through nursing education: An evidence-based practice educational intervention
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Journal of Nursing & Care

ISSN: 2167-1168

Open Access

Facilitating tobacco dependence treatment through nursing education: An evidence-based practice educational intervention


12th Nursing and Healthcare Congress

October 03-05, 2016 Vancouver, Canada

Kelly Henson-Evertz

USA

Posters & Accepted Abstracts: J Nurs Care

Abstract :

Purpose & Objectives: The purpose of the evidence-based practice educational intervention was to increase nursing studentsâ??: (a) knowledge of tobacco, tobacco dependence, and available evidence-based tobacco dependence treatments; (b) skills to counsel patients to quit tobacco; and (c) self-efficacy to treat tobacco dependent patients. Background/Significance: Approximately 480,000 Americans die every year of tobacco related illnesses. Tobacco dependence is a major public health issue, and a chronic relapsing condition that requires intervention with effective treatments. Nurses are in a unique position to make an enormous impact in tobacco cessation. Studies illuminate a large tobacco dependence treatment educational gap in nursing curricula that leaves nurses ill-prepared to treat tobacco dependent patients. Methodology/Data Analysis: An evidence-based tobacco dependence treatment educational intervention, grounded in the Health Belief Model, with implementation guided by Everett Rogerâ??s Diffusion of Innovation Theory, was provided to undergraduate and graduate nursing students at a southeastern United States University. Before and after, design was used and data analysis included descriptive and inferential statistics. Comparative means testing was conducted on aggregate and individual question scores of all knowledge, skills, and self-efficacy questions. Paired t tests assessed for any statistically significant (p â?¤ 0.05) increases in aggregate and/or individual question data. Discussion: Providing EBP tobacco dependence treatment education to nursing students positively impacted tobacco dependence treatment knowledge, skills, and self-efficacy to treat tobacco dependent patients. The findings underscore why this education should be a component in all nursing curricula.

Biography :

Email: khensonevertz@nova.edu

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