Evaluation of metabolic redox homeostasis in prokaryotes

Metabolomics:Open Access

ISSN: 2153-0769

Open Access

Evaluation of metabolic redox homeostasis in prokaryotes

15th International Conference on Metabolomics and Systems Biologys

August 29-30, 2019 | Vienna, Austria

Sanna Kreula, Eva-Mari Aro and Pauli Kallio

University of Turku, Finland

Posters & Accepted Abstracts: Metabolomics (Los Angels)

Abstract :

The work focuses on cellular redox homeostasis in prokaryotic micro-organisms, and specifically on factors associated with nicotinamide adenine cofactor [NADP(H) and NAD(H)] metabolism in E. coli and photoautotrophic cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803. These cofactors participate in numerous electron transfer reactions in the cell, linking enzymatic reactions with the overall energy metabolism with biosynthetic reactions and housekeeping functions. Obtaining a comprehensive view of the interactions and the regulatory circuits is thus of central importance in understanding the adaptation to different environmental conditions, such as those involved with the transition between autotrophic and heterotrophic growth modes in cyanobacteria.

The principal objective is to study the role of the proton gradient-coupled pyridine nucleotide transhydrogenase PntAB. Functional characterization combined with structral modelling of PntAB in Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 has been carried out1 , and information-rich networks have been created to identify identify novel candidates involved in the NADP(H)-regulation in different organisms2. In addition, PntAB is studied through deletion and over-expression mutants under anaerobic fermentative conditions and under different pH’s in E. coli. Specifically, the initiative is to elucidate to what extent the regulation of the cofactor redox balance takes place at the level of alternative catabolic routes in glucose breakdown, and what is the role of PntAB under these specific conditions. The approach is to generate pntAB over-expression and knock-out strains, and to compare them in phenotypic growth properties as well as in respect to changes in the central carbon metabolism by analyzing the distribution of local ratios of amino acids using C13 labelled glucose as a probe.

1. Kamarainen, J.; Huokko, T.; Kreula, S.; Jones, P. R.; Aro, E. M.; Kallio, P., Pyridine nucleotide transhydrogenase PntAB is essential for optimal growth and photosynthetic integrity under low-light mixotrophic conditions in Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803. New Phytol 2017, 214 (1), 194-204.

2. Kreula, S. M.; Kaewphan, S.; Ginter, F.; Jones, P. R., Finding novel relationships with integrated gene-gene association network analysis of Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 using species-independent text-mining. PeerJ 2018, 6, e4806.

Biography :



Google Scholar citation report
Citations: 895

Metabolomics:Open Access received 895 citations as per Google Scholar report

Metabolomics:Open Access peer review process verified at publons

Indexed In

arrow_upward arrow_upward