Emerging options for solving the arsenic problems of rural and periurban areas in Latin America

Journal of Environmental Analytical Chemistry

ISSN: 2380-2391

Open Access

Emerging options for solving the arsenic problems of rural and periurban areas in Latin America

10th World Congress on Green Chemistry and Technology

July 10-11, 2019 | Paris, France

Marta Irene Litter

National Atomic Energy Commission,Argentina

Keynote: J Environ Anal Chem

Abstract :

Contamination of water by arsenic (As) is a worldwide problem with high impact in the poorest regions, with more than 226 million people exposed. The most affected populations are those in low income countries. The higher concentrations and, consequently, the most important health problems are localized in Argentina, Bangladesh, Nepal, Chile, China, Hungary, India, Mexico, Romania, Taiwan, Vietnam and the USA. In Latin America (LA), the problem affects at least 14 countries (Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Cuba, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Peru and Uruguay), and the number of exposed people could be estimated in around 14 million. The most critical areas are located in Argentina, Chile and Mexico. Emerging, low-cost technologies to mitigate the problem of arsenic in drinking water resources of Latin America, suitable for rural and periurban areas lacking centralized water supplies have been evaluated. The technologies use generally simple and low-cost equipment that can easily be handled and maintained by the local population. Experiences comprise of coagulation/filtration with iron and aluminum salts, scaled-down for small community- and householdscale- applications, adsorption techniques using low-cost arsenic sorbents, such as geological materials (clays, laterites, soils, limestones), natural organic-based sorbents (natural biomass), and synthetic materials, use of constructed wetlands with native perennial plants for arsenic rhizofiltration, capacitive deionization, zerovalent iron especially using nanoscale particles and solar technologies including TiO2

Biography :

Marta Irene Litter has a PhD in Chemistry (Buenos Aires University, Argentina), with Post-doctoral studies at the University of Arizona, USA. She is Superior Researcher of the National Research Council and Full Professor at the National University of General San Martín. She has been Head of the Division of Environmental Chemistry Remediation (National Atomic Commission) all in Argentina. She has more than 200 scientific publications in international journals, books and book chapters. She has received the Mercosur Prize in Science and Technology (2006 and 2011) and was President of the International Congress on Arsenic in the Environment (2014). She was designated Pioneer on photocatalysis in Argentina (2016) and accepted as Member of TWAS (2018).



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