Effect of scandium addition on mechanical properties and corrosion resistance of Al 2.5 Mg alloys in acid and neutral media

Industrial Engineering & Management

ISSN: 2169-0316

Open Access

Effect of scandium addition on mechanical properties and corrosion resistance of Al 2.5 Mg alloys in acid and neutral media

2nd International Conference and Exhibition on Industrial Engineering

November 16-18, 2015 Dubai, UAE

Zaki Ahmad and Umbreen Fatima

COMSATS Institute of Information and Techonology, Pakistan

Posters-Accepted Abstracts: Ind Eng Manage

Abstract :

Scandium is a novel alloying element because of its weight strengthening effect, recrystallization, inhabitation, and its ability to improve weld strength and eliminating hot weld cracking. Al 2.5 Mg alloys containing zero to 0.9 wt.% scandium were fabricated by induction melting and chill cast to investigate the influence of scandium on the mechanical strength, microstructure and corrosion behavior. The studies were mainly confined to corrosion which still remains an unexplored area. Experimental alloys containing 0.3-0.6 wt.% scandium with 0.15% wt. Zr showed higher strengths of 290 and 268 MPa respectively, higher than the strength of Al 6061 and Al 2024. The strengthening in scandium added alloys is caused by the pinning of grain boundaries by the formation of nano Al3 (Sc1-x Zr3) precipitates and their uniform distribution. Investigations on the effect of scandium on aluminum magnesium alloys in HCL and NaOH have not been investigated. The Al-Mg alloy containing 0.6 Sc showed the corrosion rate of 10.5 mpy which doubles on decreasing the Sc contained 2.3 Sc (10.22 mpy) due to the formation of Al2O3 and Sc2O3 duplex film. The alloys containing 0.3 Sc showed lower corrosion rate than the alloys containing 0.6 Sc in 0.1 M NaOH. The corrosion rate decreases with age hardening time due to precipitate size, spacing between the precipitate size, spacing between the precipitate and grain and sub-grains sizes. In general, increased aging time increases resistance to corrosion as shown by alloy containing 0.9% scandium with 0.15 Zr. Similar behavior is shown by other alloys containing scandium. It appears that a certain optimum size of precipitates and their distribution affects the rate of corrosion. Studies on open circuit potential vs. time shows that scandium added alloys shows a shift in the potential to more noble values due to formation of a less defective layer of Sc2O3 On top of boehmite ├?┬│-AlOOH and bayerite Al(OH)3. This shift has a strong influence on the enhancing corrosion resistance. Studies in salt spray chamber show a higher resistance of these alloys. The maximum resistance shown by alloy containing 0.6 wt% Sc with 0.15 Zr may be due to redistribution of ├?┬▓/ and ├?┬▓/-Mg2Al3 phase which generates lattice defects. Precipitates of Al3(Sc1-xZr3) appear to redistribute their phase and enhance corrosion resistance. Elevated temperature studies at 125o C and at rotational velocities of 300 rpm and 700 rpm showed enhanced corrosion as shown by a shift of potential in the negative direction.

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