Early detection of oral health status and cardiometabolic risk factors among reproductive aged women in rural areas: A cross-sectional study

Journal of Nursing & Care

ISSN: 2167-1168

Open Access

Early detection of oral health status and cardiometabolic risk factors among reproductive aged women in rural areas: A cross-sectional study

23rd World Nursing and Healthcare Conference

July 10-12, 2017 Berlin, Germany

Mei-Yen Chen

Chang Gung University of Science and Technology, Taiwan

Scientific Tracks Abstracts: J Nurs Care

Abstract :

Introduction: Oral health status is associated with many chronic ailments, including diseases of the cardiovascular system, diabetes, as well as pregnancy complications, such as low birth weight, preterm delivery, preeclampsia, and early pregnancy loss. The health status of reproductive-aged women is important, not only for the women themselves, but also for the health of fetus. Objectives: the objective is to explore the cardiometabolic risk factors, oral health status, and associated factors among reproductiveaged women. Methods: The current study is a preliminary report from a nurse-led longitudinal study, examining a health promotion program for women in a rural region of Taiwan. Participants consisted of a community-based, cross-sectional sample, involving 2,547 women aged 20-49 years. Results: A high percentage of participants were found to have cardiometabolic risk factors. More than one quarter had ΓΆΒ?Β¤24 remaining teeth. Many participants reported that they did not regularly attend dental checkups and tooth scaling, did not brush at least twice a day after meals, did not have a healthy diet, and did not exercise regularly. The results also indicated that women with <20 remaining teeth tended to be older, engaged in substance use, and displayed increased cardiometabolic risk factors. Conclusions: The findings indicate that reproductive-aged women show a high prevalence of tooth loss, cardiometabolic risk factors, and unhealthy habits. Nurses in the primary health sectors could reduce the consequences of these risk factors and improve oral health through the early detection and initiation of health-promoting programs that reduce risky behavior associated with cardiometabolic diseases.

Biography :

Mei-Yen Chen has completed her PhD from National Taiwan University and was a Visiting Scholar in Nursing School of University of San Diego, USA. She is the Dean of College of Nursing, and Director of Graduate Institute of Nursing. She has published more than 60 papers in reputed journals and has been serving as an Editorial Board Member of Taiwan Nurses Association.

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