Caroline Arbour, Nadia Gosselin, Marie-Josee Levert, Jerome Gauvin-Lepage, Bernard Michallet and Helene Lefebvre
Universite de Montreal, Canada
Universite du Quebec a Trois-Rivieres, Canada
Posters & Accepted Abstracts: J Nurs Care
Aim: The aim of this study was to examine whether age contributes to functional recovery and resilience after moderate-to-severe traumatic brain injury. Background: The ability to recover may change across the lifespan, but the influence of age on brain injury outcome is understudied. Design & Methods: This study is a mixed methods study. All adults of working-age (18-64 years), discharged from a Level I trauma center between 2010 and 2013 after sustaining a moderate-to-severe traumatic brain injury were considered. Functional recovery was assessed during a telephone interview with the Glasgow Outcome Scale-Extended 12-36 months post-injury. A subgroup completed the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale and a face-to-face interview about resilience. Results: Ninety-seven young (mean age: 27 years; 75% male) and 47 middle-aged brain trauma survivors (mean age: 53 years; 75% male) completed the telephone interview. Eight young and five middle-aged adults were also assessed for resilience. Overall, young participants experienced more severe head injuries. Yet, they achieved slightly higher levels of functional recovery compared to middle-aged ones as per the Glasgow Outcome Scale-Extended. Controlling for CT scan findings and post-traumatic amnesia duration, age was not found to be associated to functional recovery in adults of working age. Although both groups showed similar levels of resilience, young participants discussed the challenges related to ├ó┬?┬?having more time on their hands├ó┬?┬Ł and ├ó┬?┬?being a changed person├ó┬?┬Ł, two elements perceived positively by middle-aged ones. Conclusion: While age does not appear to interfere with functional recovery in adults of working-age, younger brain trauma survivors could benefit from nursing interventions to strengthen their resilience process related to re-employment orientation and identity.
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