Changes in health-related quality-of-life in older patients one year after an intensive care unit stay

Journal of Nursing & Care

ISSN: 2167-1168

Open Access

Changes in health-related quality-of-life in older patients one year after an intensive care unit stay

12th Nursing and Healthcare Congress

October 03-05, 2016 Vancouver, Canada

Jeitziner Marie-Madlen

University Hospital of Bern, Switzerland

Posters & Accepted Abstracts: J Nurs Care

Abstract :

Introduction: As older patients increasingly survive intensive care unit hospitalization, the long-term quality of life is also a significant outcome. Therefore, this presentation investigates the health-related quality of life; an important outcome for assessing ICU treatment, and assisting patients, relatives and healthcare professionals in selecting treatment decisions one year after an ICU stay. Methods: A prospective non-randomized longitudinal study investigated the health-related quality-of-life of older patients. The Short Form Health Survey 36 was administered 1 week after an ICU stay (retrospective baseline), and after 6 and 12 months to the study population and to an age-matched comparison group at recruitment (baseline), and after 6 and 12 months. Demographic data, admission diagnosis, length of stay, severity of illness, pain, anx-iety, agitation, and intra-tracheal suctioning, turning and intubation were recorded. Recruit-ment period: December 2008 to April 2011. Results: Health-related quality of life was significantly lower than the comparison group, both before and after the ICU stay, and showed great individual variability. Within group scores, however, were stable. Both physical and mental health scores were lower for the older patients. Renal failure, cardiac surgery and illness severity were associated with lower physi-cal health scores. Cardiovascular illness, intra-tracheal suctioning and turning were associated with lower mental health scores. Conclusion: After discharge older patients with severe illnesses, cardiac surgery or acute re-nal failure need additional support. Discharge planning should ensure that support. The de-velopment and utilization of methods to reduce distress during routine intensive care inter-ventions such as intra-tracheal suctioning or turning is needed.

Biography :


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