Agrammatism in Arabic Broca s aphasia

Neurological Disorders

ISSN: 2329-6895

Open Access

Agrammatism in Arabic Broca s aphasia

2nd International Conference on Neurological Disorders and Stroke

April 28-30, 2016 Dubai, UAE

Yusuf Al-Bustanji

United Arab Emirate University, UAE

Scientific Tracks Abstracts: J Neurol Disord

Abstract :

Agrammatism is a language disorder characterized by morpho-syntactic impairments affecting the production and comprehension of connected speech. One characteristic of this deficit is the omission and/or substitution of grammatical morphemes in stroke survivals with Broca├ó┬?┬?s aphasia. The studies of agrammatism show that not all morpho-syntactic elements are impaired to the same degree and that some of this variation may be due to language-specific differences. This study investigated the production of morphosyntactic elements in 15 Arabic speaking individuals with agrammatism and 15 age-matched neurologically healthy individuals. Two experiments were conducted to examine the production of complementizer, tense, agreement and negation morphology in Arabic. The results indicated that the speakers of Arabic with agrammatism had marked dissociations in producing specific morphosyntactic elements. The observed impairment patterns overlapped, in many respects, with those observed in other linguistic groups. The findings are discussed with respect to current theories of agrammatism, including both morpho-syntactic and computational accounts.

Biography :

Yusuf Al-Bustanji is an assistant professor at United Arab Emirates University. He is a licensed and certified speech language pathologist specializing in Neurogenic Communication Disorders from The Ohio State University. He has over 20 years of experience in providing clinical evidence-based therapy services to individuals diagnosed with communication and swallowing disorders in acute care and rehabilitation centers at hospital settings.


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