An Industrial Engineering Approach to Cost Containment of Pharmacy Education

Industrial Engineering & Management

ISSN: 2169-0316

Open Access

Opinion - (2022) Volume 11, Issue 6

An Industrial Engineering Approach to Cost Containment of Pharmacy Education

Nancy Kane*
*Correspondence: Nancy Kane, Department of Health Policy and Management, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02215, USA, Email:
Department of Health Policy and Management, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02215, USA

Received: 29-May-2022, Manuscript No. iem-22-80035; Editor assigned: 01-Jun-2022, Pre QC No. P-80035; Reviewed: 14-Jun-2022, QC No. Q-80035; Revised: 17-Jun-2022, Manuscript No. R-80035; Published: 24-Jun-2022 , DOI: 10.37421/ 2169-0316.2022.11.359
Citation: Kane, Nancy. “An Industrial Engineering Approach to Cost Containment of Pharmacy Education." J Ind Eng Manag 11 (2022): 359.
Copyright: © 2022 Kane N. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


A two-semester project investigated the use of teams of fourth-year industrial engineering students to improve some of our academic management processes. Significant cost savings were realised, as well as improvements in efficiency, effectiveness and student and faculty satisfaction. While we did not implement all of the students' suggestions, we did learn some valuable lessons. An initial investment of time, for example, in developing a mutually clear understanding of the problems, constraints and goals maximises the value of industrial engineering analysis and recommendations. Overall, industrial engineering proved to be a useful tool for optimising specific academic management processes.


Because of advancements in information technology and engineering, the use of robots with distinct capabilities, features and specifications has increased dramatically in recent years. In today's industries, the characteristics of robots play critical roles. A robot is typically a self-contained, multipurpose, reprogrammable machine. These characteristics make the robot an indispensable tool for a wide range of industrial applications, including material handling, assembly, finishing, machine loading, spray painting and welding. Furthermore, the use of robots has increased organisational productivity [1]. IT implementation by organisations is associated with benefits such as increased operational speed, increased reliability in the manufacturing process, improved quality and so on. Furthermore, in today's competitive market, businesses have recognised the significance of selecting appropriate machines that can perform their requirements with the desired quality and within the timeframe. One of the most difficult challenges for managers in maintaining a competitive advantage is effectively selecting strategic machines and robots.

The goal of this paper is to connect active inference to social organisation in order to explain the benefits and drawbacks of active inference theory as a unifying framework for social organisation using human and artificial intelligence. This includes, in particular, relating important constructs in active inference to practise concerned with minimizing unexpected surprises. The goal of industrial engineering and quality management is to limit unexpected surprises caused by prediction errors. Industrial engineering entails using methods such as task analysis and job design to predict, evaluate and improve the outcomes of processes as they are developed. Quality management systems (QMS) entail documenting processes developed through industrial engineering as process specifications, work procedures and so on; monitoring processes for conformance to specifications and so on; and using observations of nonconformances to inform further process development. Both are concerned with continuous process improvement. Since the 1900s, industrial engineering has been used around the world and quality management since the 1950s [2].

One explicitness of the B.Sc. program at HIT we should introduce front and center, since it fundamentally affects our approach, is the way that two equal tracks existing together during the initial three years of the B.Sc., the standard track and the night track. The first offers five days seven days instructing during the two normal semester. By and large, customary track understudies are not working. The night track depends on members working in lined up with their certification where courses are given two nights every week and on Friday morning (6 h each time) all around the year.The fourth-year is brought together for both normal and night tracks understudies learning nights and ends of the week [3].

During the four years of the projects, the understudies are dynamically prepared for beginning their professions in places like modern specialists, information examiners and data framework chiefs with an accentuation on the innovation the board viewpoints. Besides, these positions require close connection and participation with different experts, for example, electrical and computer programmers, originators, coaches, space specialists (e.g., medical care experts, food technologists, protection and security trained professionals) and the capacity to oversee multidisciplinary projects. In this manner, the IEM educational plan should be refreshed ceaselessly to give hypothetical information and viable experience. The attention is on universal innovations like Modern Web of Things (IIoT), Computerization, Advanced mechanics and Implanted Frameworks and Applied Informatics (counting Visual Programming, Large Information Examination and Business Insight). The review program incorporates courses that unequivocally underscore the advancements referenced previously.All the more especially, the these days prepared up and coming age of modern designers that will oversee Industry 4.0 frameworks and related-undertakings should comprehend how these new creation conditions are affected and proportionally impact others. This multidisciplinary understanding should permit focusing on the business advancement processby obviously understanding the business chances of their organization considering supportability difficulties and managing them to permit nonstop improvement of business execution [4].

As it tends to be noticed, there is a wide assortment of HP innovations that makes their correlation exceptionally mind boggling (and likely not helpful). Consequently, this paper centers just around PV-HP frameworks, which incorporate PVT and OPV. Fig. 1-a shows the schematic of a fundamental direct extension PVT-HP framework (different innovations, like roundabout development and designs do exist, yet for straightforwardness reasons, we will zero in here on direct development PVT-HP). It has a PVT gatherer, comprising of a PV generator with an intensity exchanger on back surface goes about as the evaporator of the framework. Along these lines, electrical (Eel) and nuclear power (Eth) are all the while produced utilizing just a single gadget. The refrigerant circling through the evaporator assimilates heat from the PV cells, diminishing the temperature of the PV generator and thusly expanding its electrical effectiveness and is vanished. Then, it enters a blower (com) that raises its strain to arrive at a reasonable consolidating temperature. The refrigerant flows through one more intensity exchanger that goes about as the condenser of the framework (c), where it discharges heat and gathers into a fluid. At long last, the fluid refrigerant enters a development valve (ex) that decreases its strain to arrive at a reasonable dissipation temperature (Tevap) and another intensity siphon cycle starts. The PV power is utilized to take care of the blower with an inverter and a battery in the independent setup or hybridized with the matrix to take care of the blower in the network associated design [5].


The nuclear power ingestion at the evaporator from the PV cluster assists with decreasing the power utilization, as well as cooling the PV boards, thus making the framework more efficient.The schematic of a fundamental OPV heat siphon framework. The thermodynamic intensity siphon cycle is like the PVT case, yet presently there is no gatherer that interfaces the PV generator and the evaporator, so Eel and Eth don't rely upon one another. The two sorts of PV-HP (PVT and OPV) can introduce two principal designs: lattice associated frameworks (in which the blower is fueled by both the network and the PV generator) and independent frameworks (in which the blower is controlled just by the power created by the PV exhibit and batteries may be utilized as back-up for periods when the PV age and the cooling/warming interest don't coordinate). It should be noticed that, albeit these schematics just consider the electric utilization of the blower, the business heat siphons likewise present extra electric loads like valves and fans. These heaps are optional contrasted with the blower, yet they are not insignificant while surveying the exhibition of the framework.



Conflict of Interest

There are no conflicts of interest by author.


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