Fungal | Open Access Journals

Clinical Infectious Diseases: Open Access

ISSN: 2684-4559

Open Access


Fungal Biology contributions altogether fields of basic and applied research involving fungi and fungus-like organisms (including oomycetes and slime moulds). Being an indoor-closed habitat with controlled moisture and temperature makes the International space platform (ISS) good for humans, but also good for microorganisms. So one day astronauts on the ISS saw something different on the walls of the room where they exercised their muscles: mold!

Find out here as Marta Cortesao, a PhD student in Space Microbiology at the German Aerospace Center (DLR) discloses the planet of microbes in space on her blog Space Microbes. A mycosis , also called mycosis, may be a disease of the skin caused by a fungus.

There are millions of species of fungi. They sleep in the dirt, on plants, on household surfaces, and on your skin. Sometimes, they will cause skin problems like rashes or bumps.

A fungal skin infection might cause: Irritation Scaly skin Redness Itching Swelling Blisters, Abundant worldwide, most fungi are inconspicuous because of the small size of their structures, and their cryptic lifestyles in soil or on dead matter. Fungi perform an important role within the decomposition of organic matter and have fundamental roles in nutrient cycling and exchange within the environment. They have long been used as an immediate source of human food, within the sort of mushrooms and truffles; as a leavening agent for bread; and within the fermentation of various food products, like wine, beer, and soy . Since the 1940s, fungi are used for the assembly of antibiotics, and, more recently, various enzymes produced by fungi are used industrially and in detergents. Fungi also are used as biological pesticides to regulate weeds, plant diseases and bug pests. Many species produce bioactive compounds called mycotoxins, like alkaloids and polyketides, that are toxic to animals including humans. The fruiting structures of a couple of species contain psychotropic compounds and are consumed recreationally or in traditional spiritual ceremonies.  Losses of crops thanks to fungal diseases (e.g., rice blast disease) or food spoilage can have an outsized impact on human food supplies and native economies.

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