AAL-toxin | Open Access Journals

Journal of Bioengineering & Biomedical Science

ISSN: 2155-9538

Open Access


AAL toxin is distinguished as a host-specific toxin, toxic to tomato, whereas fumonisin B1 causes equine leukoencephalomalacia. Acetylation of the amine renders AAL static. The hydrolysis product of AAL (pentolamine) is toxic to the impressionable tomato line because the pentolamine of fumonisin is not. AAL toxins and fumonisins compose a family of highly responsive, chemically related mycotoxins that disturb cellular homeostasis in both plant and animal tissues. Recent studies suggest that in duckweed and in susceptible tomato varieties, AAL-toxin- and fumonisin B,-induced disruption of sphingolipid metabolism, the relative increases were quite different in the three plant systems. However, disruption of sphingolipid metabolism was clearly a regular feature in plants exposed to FB1 or AAL-toxin.

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