Background: In Ethiopia, mental illness in particular depression is the leading non-communicable disorder in terms of burden. The purpose of this review is to provide latest available comparison of depression among married and divorced people in Ethiopia. Methods: This is systemic review and meta-analysis by study design. The studies were searched in Google Scholar, Medline and Web of science database and PRISMA guidelines protocol was used to write the systematic review.
Results: Twenty studies were found to be eligible and included in the meta-analysis. The combined effect size of all studies revealeda statistically significant association between marital status and depression (OR = 0.57; 95% CI: 0.37 - 0.86).
Conclusions: We found that divorced people were more likely to have depression than married people. Thus, more attention should be paid to strengthen activities which discourage divorce at community level and integrating mental health counseling into health extension programme is advisable.