Journal of Nursing & Care

ISSN: 2167-1168

Open Access

Volume 10, Issue 1 (2021)

Review Pages: 1 - 7

Relationship between Self-Care, Personality Traits, and Burnout in Healthcare Professionals

Nathan Pacheco*

Burnout syndrome (BOS) is a psychological condition in which inordinate exhaustion, cynical perspectives, and a self-perception of ineffectiveness develop in response to chronic work stressors. The intrinsic stress of the critical care work environment predisposes critical care healthcare professionals to burnout. The sequelae of BOS are serious. Associated morbidities range from aches, pains, and headaches to chronic, pernicious maladies such as hyperlipidemia, coronary heart disease, type II diabetes, anxiety, and depression. Also, the presence of BOS affects healthcare professionals’ intention to leave practice. Subsequently, BOS contributes to high turnover rates, potentially costing hospitals millions. This study sought to examine the effect of personality traits and self-care on reported burnout levels in critical care healthcare professionals. Forty healthcare professionals were surveyed from two community, non-teaching hospitals in the northeastern United States. The Maslach Burnout Inventory, DSCPI-90, and Mini-International Personality Item Pool were used to measure burnout, self-care, and personality traits, respectively. Self-care was negatively correlated with burnout (r=-0.159, p=0.33). On average, professionals practiced self-care 61% of the time. The personality trait Extraversion was negatively correlated with burnout (r =-0.144, p=0.38). The personality traits Agreeableness and Neuroticism had large positive correlations (r =0.520, p =0.001) and (r=0.645, p=0.000) with the BOS dimension emotional exhaustion. Findings help identify protective, individual factors against BOS. Further research is necessary to validate the degree to which critical care professionals practice self-care and the correlations between personality, self-care, and BOS reported in this study.

Research Pages: 1 - 6

Patient and Nursing Professional Safety in the Face of Pandemic - COVID-19

Thaisa Campos Fernandes*

Objective: To identify the performance of nursing professionals in relation to the essential aspects for the provision of safe care to patients infected by COVID-19 hospitalized in the emergency department. Method: A simple literature review with data collected during the peak period of the disease in real time in available databases. Discussion: COVID-19 spreads around the world and reaches almost every continent. Immediate, important measures and education of the population, training of health professionals becomes a priority. In addition to effective prevention and control measures. Conclusion and final considerations: For a pandemic it is no easy task. However, in the case of COVID-19, it seems possible, since asymptomatic cases have not played an important role in transmission. Noticeable priority of protection to health professionals, isolate in quarantine the communicators and act quickly, given the lethality of the disease and that cases increase every day.

Research Pages: 1 - 6

Study on Knowledge and Compliance of Standard Precautions among Intensive Care Units

Abdalkareem Almhammd, Yan Ting Meng, Muwaffak Al Osman, Isaac Yaw Massey, Omar Smadi and Yang Luo*

Introduction: The standard precautions advanced by the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in 1996, goals of Standard precautions to reducing the risk of transmission of blood-borne and other pathogens in hospitals. The prpous of this study :to assess the knowledge and compliance of standard precautions among ICU Nurses in Xi'an hospitals, and to identify the relationship between compliance, knowledge and general self-efficacy of standard among ICU Nurses in China.Methods: This study used a descriptive study design. A convenient sample of 471 ICU nurses working in 11 hospitals from Xi'an of Shaanxi Province in China. Data were gathered over four months, from June to October 2017. Tools: The questionnaire used for data collection included four parts:(1) general information,(2) knowledge of standard precautions, (3) compliance of standard precautions and (4) General self-efficacy scale. Data analyzed by SPSS 18.Result: 100% of respondents were female, their mean age was (28.6 ± 5.6), 90% of nurses have vaccination HBV, the mean knowledge score of participants were a good (17.3 ± 1.8 out of 20). (80.4%) of ICU nurses know Standard Precautions. The mean score of standard precautions compliance among ICU nurses were poor (66.12 ± 10.3 out of 80). Standard precautions knowledge was positively correlated with compliance (r=0.17) and general self-efficacy was also positively correlated with compliance (r=0.21).Conclusion: Based on the conclusions of this study, it can be assumed that the standard prevention knowledge and compliance of nurses in this study are still lacking. Standard precautions education should be encouraged, and adequate practical personal protection equipment should be implemented in order to reduce hospital infections and protect the health of patients and medical staff.

Research Pages: 1 - 5

Pediatric Nurses??? Professional Values and their Attitudes towards Patient Safety

Hatice Yıldırım Sarı1*, Esra Ardahan Akgül1, Yeliz Akatın2 and Naciye Siyahgül3

Introduction: This study was conducted to determine whether pediatric nurses’ professional values affect their attitudes towards patient safety.Methods: The study was a descriptive cross-sectional study and it was carried out with 101 nurses working in pediatric clinics of a state hospital in Turkey in 2015. Data were collected using the Personal Information Form, the Nurses Professional Values Scale and the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire. Results: A positive correlation was determined between the scores obtained from the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire and the scores obtained from the Nurses Professional Values Scale (r: .315, p: .001). There was a significant positive correlation between the Perceptions of Management subscale of the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire and the Nurses Professional Values Scale (r: .706), and its Activism (r: .796), ANA (American Nurses Association) Ethical Code 1 (r: .708), and ANA Ethical Code 11 (r: .772) subscales. There was a moderate positive correlation between the Perceptions of Management subscale of the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire and the Nurses Professional Values Scale (r: .603), and its ANA Ethical Code 4 (r: .530)Conclusion: Pediatric nurses’ professional values affect their attitudes towards patient safety.

Conference Proceeding Pages: 1 - 1

Qualitative & quantitative analyses of nursing panel teaching strategy

Dale M Hilty*

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