Journal of General Practice

ISSN: 2329-9126

Open Access

Volume 10, Issue 2 (2022)

Research Article Pages: 1 - 7

The Practice of Female Genital Mutilation in the Gambia, a Survey on the Perspectives of Victims

Alieu B. Sanneh*

DOI: 10.37421/2329-9126.22.10.436

Female circumcision is a controversial socio-cultural practice that continues to attract the attention of humanitarian organizations. Although many African countries have enacted legislation aimed at criminalizing this practice, successfully eradicating FGM has been a challenging process. This is primarily due to the resistance by people who are not only well-organized but also united in upholding common socio-cultural beliefs that sanction the conduct of FGM. While several studies that have examined this issue approached FGM based on the perspectives of the perpetrators, this study branches away from this general wisdom to examine perceptions of FGM from the victims’ points of view. This research focuses on exploring the opinion of Gambian high school students on the practice of FGM. The results indicate that the opinion of female students on the practice of FGM has not changed, in that they support FGM. Male students on another hand do not support FGM and this study concludes that male students are less likely to support FGM than female students.

Research Article Pages: 1 - 5

Disparities in Opioid-related Mortality across United States Census Regions from 1999-2020

Supriyanka Addimulam, Swapnil Gupta, Sindhuja Mahalingam and Namrata Walia*

DOI: 10.37421/2329-9126.22.10.437

Background: Opioid-related mortality has been on a sharp rise in the decade. This study aims to provide insight into the difference in mortality between white and black population in various census regions of the United States between 1999-2020.

Methods: The data was extracted from multiple causes of death files from CDC Wonder database. The International Classification of Disease (ICD-10) codes used to extract data include F11 (mental and behavioral disorders due to use of opioids); T40.0 (Opium); T40.1 (Heroin); T40.2 (Other opioids); T40.3 (Methadone); T40.4 (Other synthetic narcotics). The regression analysis was conducted using Joinpoint statistical software.

Results: The black population in the Midwest census region showed the highest age-adjusted mortality in the year 2020 (46.14 per 100,000). This was followed by the black (32.71 per 100,000) and white population (30.5 per 100,000) in the northeast census regions respectively. Overall, the opioid-related mortality followed a similar trend across all census regions. Except south census region where age-adjusted mortality was comparable between the black and white populations, blacks had higher opioid-related mortality in all other census regions.

Conclusion: This study provides concise evidence of inequality in opioid-related deaths among various US census regions. Policy changes focused to certain regions are required to significantly address the underlying factors related to disparities in opioid-related mortality among the black population.

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