Entrepreneurship & Organization Management

ISSN: 2169-026X

Open Access

Volume 10, Issue 6 (2021)

Research Pages: 1 - 4

How does the institutional context of an emerging economy shape the innovation trajectory of different types of firms? A case study of India

Harini Mittal*

DOI: 10.37421/2169-026X.2021.10.309

Institutional context impacts the innovation trajectory of an economy. Impact of institutional voids in an emerging economy on firm level innovation strategies, and output is a less researched topic. Using India as a case study, this paper presents a qualitative assessment of the impact of institutional context in the emerging economy on innovation strategies and consequent outputs of Indian private firms across various firm sizes, and ages. The paper finds that in India, most innovations are imitative in nature, and/or driven by customer requirements, and/or international quality norms. “New-to-the-world” innovations are scarce and are mostly driven by MNCs, government institutions, and to some extent large Indian firms. The paper concludes that in India, large firms are more innovative because of their resilience, and the internal systems and capabilities that can overcome voids, and exploit opportunities. In start-up firms and SMEs, the fast-paced transitions create unequal opportunities for innovation to different sizes and ages of firms.

Research Pages: 1 - 6

An analysis of entrepreneurship development and employment generation in Nigeria: A study of national directorate of employment generation

Babangida Shehu*

DOI: 10.37421/2169-026X.2021.10.311

The issues of entrepreneurship development and employment generation continue to receive high attention because of their impact on unemployment and poverty reduction in many parts of the world. The National Directorate of Employment was introduced by government in its efforts toward employment generation. In furtherance of attempts toward tackling unemployment, addressing issues of poverty and vulnerability and promoting inclusive finance at the grass-root levels, the Directorate has a Special Micro Empowerment Scheme, which is aimed at promoting social inclusion and job creation. Micro, Small and Medium enterprises such as water/beverage sales, shoemaking, shining, carpentry, tailoring, mechanic among other vocations account for about 99.6 percent of registered businesses in Nigeria by which about 63 percent of the labor force earn a living. The Directorate has created over 2.076 million employments since it was established. The NDEs one million job creation program remains a wonderful idea in employment generation. The survey research method was used for the study. Surveys refer to an investigation of events that exist at the time of the research and connected with some problem situations that is felt over a wide area. Data analysis was done through Pearson’s techniques. The result showed a very strong positive correlation between entrepreneurship development and employment generation. This is the aim of the study. The various employment creation programmes of the NDE are designed to provide training in critical skills required to make an unemployed person either employable or self-employed. Emphasis is placed on self-employment as against paid employment as a stimulus to engender entrepreneurial spirit and create wealth. To support this concept, the Directorate provides demonstrative soft loans to outstanding beneficiaries of her various programmes.

Research Pages: 1 - 4

Personal Variables of Perception towards Equity Derivative Markets in India

Selvaraj N*

DOI: 10.37421/2169-026X.2021.10.310

The stock market is a place where buyers and sellers of stocks come together, physically or virtually. Market participants can be small individuals or large fund managers who can be situated anywhere. Traders place their orders to the professionals of a stock exchange who executes these buying and selling orders. The stocks are listed and traded on stock exchanges.

In India, Traders want maximum gain with minimum risk, so is the case with derivatives. Derivatives are among the forefront of the innovations in the financial markets and aim to increase returns and reduce risk. A derivative is a financial product which has been derived from another financial product or commodity. The derivatives do not have independent existence without underlying product and market. Derivatives are contracts which are written between two parties for easily marketable assets. Derivatives are gaining importance due to increased volatility in capital and foreign currency markets. RBI finds ways for healthy development of market and takes steps to popularise the use of derivative instruments, but still awareness about the derivative instruments and its uses are quite low. Hence, it is necessary to find out the level of awareness among investing public and if found low, how to create adequate awareness to encourage the use of derivative products as hedge tools.

The concept of General Insurance may be extended to the amount invested in Indian Stock Market for which the premium may be collected from the traders. To keep the interest of the traders in mutual fund the companies will play a vital role to attract the traders to invest in mutual fund so for that companies should bring such plans which is having very low risk As per the study the traders wants safe returns on their investment and all traders know the risk in share market and which is the main reason traders avoid to invest in shares and equities or mutual fund because of the fear of losing the money. The Market should maintain a good relationship in reality and should render of quick services according to the customers, in case of necessity.

Research Pages: 1 - 5

Marketable Surplus of Banana in Dindigul District of Tamilnadu

Selvaraj N*

DOI: 10.37421/2169-026X.2021.10.312

Banana may be a significant food crop and its greater economic importance among the food crops, since it's one among the leading commodities in agricultural exports. Hence, the assembly performance of the crop is of critical importance in improving the efficient use of resources. Farmers raise the crops with a hope of receiving fair returns for his or her hard labour. For this, they depend on the market conditions, which aren't very conducive to fulfill their hopes and expectations. Forced sales, multiplicity of market charges, malpractices in unregulated markets and superfluous middlemen are the issues faced by the farmers. These problems of selling get further added up by the special features of agricultural commodities namely, their inelastic demand, seasonality in supply, spatially scattered production, bulkiness and perishability. The study covered to spot the determinants of marketable surplus in banana. To review the issues faced by the banana cultivators within the production and marketing of banana. During this study area farmers, were found to not attach importance to fertilizers and pesticides. The farmers are cognizant of their importance but thanks to insufficient funds, they're unable to use fertilizers and pesticides as per the recommendations of the agricultural scientists. Besides, per annum the prices of fertilizers and pesticides keep increasing. Hence, it's suggested that costs of fertilizer and pesticides should be reduced, or they'll be applied to farmers at subsidized rates.

Research Pages: 1 - 5

Investment Behaviour among Information Technology Professionals in Tamilnadu

Selvaraj N*

DOI: 10.37421/2169-026X.2021.10.313

Several investment alternatives obtainable for investors to secure their savings. it's crucial to grasp whether or not these alternatives square measure employed by them seriously as AN investment involves several vital selections which might have an effect on the speed of come and additionally contributes to economic development. The current study is restricted to investment behavior among data technology professionals in Tamilnadu. The analysis methodology could be scientific and systematic thanks to solve analysis issues. The analysis methodology deals with analysis ways and takes into thought the logic behind the techniques. The analysis of knowledge in analysis plays a polar role within the sense that it interprets, justifies and proves the hypothesis and also the proposals. The delicate mix of analytical tools used has a sway on the findings of the analysis, thereby creating it extremely objective and scientific. Investment is undertaken within the expectation of a comet that is in proportion to the danger the capitalist assumes. Favorable activities regarding investment consist of the acquisition of assets, their maintenance and also the liquidation of assets. a decent investment market ought to facilitate these investments activities and foster growth. Awareness are often given to professionals concerning some investment plans like National Saving Certificate, old person Saving theme, fund, Systematic investment arrange etc. Investment could be a terribly basic demand for every. It plays a significant appear education, health, snug living, making wealth, meeting emergencies, organizing major events in one’s life.

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