Journal of Health Education Research & Development

ISSN: 2380-5439

Open Access

Volume 9, Issue 3 (2021)

Short Communication Pages: 1 - 1

Immunity participation in the Hypertension Pathology

Irene Burguillo Diez

Research that have led to Immune System participation in the pathology of Hypertension are relatively new. Association between HTA and renal disease was
reported on 1879 and the first description of autoimmunity as producing morbid situation appeared on 1904 when the antibodies description causing hemolytic
anemia in the crio hemoglobin paroxysmic where the end of the stated situation by Paul Erlich who established that the organism didn’t hurt himself (horror
autotoxicus) Pioneer observations about participation in experimental models in HTA started to re appear at the end of the last century , however it has been in the
last few decades when an increasingly number of researches have led to stablish in an unmistakable manner the critical role of autoimmunity in the complex etic
pathogenic mechanism which results in the elevation of HTA
Inflammation as manifestation of the immune reactivity of hypertension arterial
Inflammation as a demonstration of the immune reactivity of Hypertension Arterial. It is very well established that the kidneys inflammation, in the arterial wall and
the central nervous system helps development and increases severity of the hypertension.
The potential hypertensive of the inflammation in these target organs has been demonstrated in the studies in which the inflammation has been reduced with a
range of immuno suppressors treatments which result in the prevention or improvement of hypertension in practically all of the hypertense ceps of mice. Even
more, the experimental induction of the renal inflammation is associated with the increase of the arterial hypertension
Renal inflammation induces hypertension as a result of the reduction of the natriuresis by pressure, which is the response of the renal adaptation to a sodium
positive balance. The reduction of the natriuretic response by the increase of the pressure of renal perfusion which is caused by the tubule interstitial inflammation
of the release of oxidative stress with reduce of nitric oxide, increase of the angiotensin activity and the effects profibrotic with losses peritubular capillary. In
the arterial wall, inflammation increases the local produce of reactive species of oxygen, increases the vasoconstrictor tone and suppresses the endothelial
vasodilatation response. In the central nervous system, the inflammation of the areas in the third ventriculus helps lymphocyte migration to the arterial wall
(originator of the vascular inflammation) and stimulates the activity of the sympathetic nervous system which carries not only the increase of the vasoconstrictor
tone, cardiac expense and the reabsorption tubular of sodium, but also, induces the stimulation of various aspects of the immune system.
Lymphocytes participation in the pathology of hypertension arterial
Lymphocytes paper in the pathology of hypertension was initially found in pioneer experiments of Svendsen, who demonstrated that the malnourished mouse
didn’t develop hypertension depending of salt in the model DOCA (deoxycorticosterone). Hypertension development capacity in this phase of the experimental
model was recovered with the lymphocytes transfer. Guzik et al. demonstrated that induced hypertension by angiotensin II was surprised in mice Rag 1 -/-, lacking
lymphocytes, and that the response to angiotensin was restored with the adoptive transfer of lymphocytes T. same resistance to hypertension was demonstrated
in mice Dahl nulls for Rag 1. Lymphocytes B paper was demonstrated by Chan et al., who used mice BAFFR -/- (lacking B cell activation factor-receiver).

Short Communication Pages: 2 - 2

MOODLE: A learning management systemÔ??s accessibility and usability among students in the college of Allied Health Studies

Mayla D. Rivera

Learning management systems have been used to improve teaching and learning strategies in higher education institutions. The aim is to supplement the
traditional face to face classroom instruction. Conversely, the applicability of these online platforms may not be suitable for all programs. In this study, the usage
of MOODLE was determined to the Allied Health Studies students. A four-point Likert survey questionnaire on the level of accessibility and usability of MOODLE
was given to 155 students. Data were gathered and analyzed using descriptive statistics. The study revealed that students always or often found the program
accessible and usable (3.07, 3.16, 3.13, and 2.10, 2.17 respectively). Accordingly, the participants found that the course content / outline is always accessible
before and during the class using LMS MOODLE. However, the incompatibility of the system to the device used was often found as the concern. On the other
hand, the usability of MOODLE showed that the students have more access to teaching-learning materials and were persuaded to do the task on time because
of its effect on academic performance (e.g., getting high grades). Whereas, the lack of training on the appropriate use of the system was often found a concern.
The study concluded that LMS MOODLE played a significant role in delivering and accessing teaching and learning materials among COAHS students. The
participants found that the program was helpful in accessing the course content hence persuaded to do the task on time. However, the incompatibility of the system
to the device used and the lack of training on the appropriate use of the system affects the utilization. Thus, the study recommended that the faculty member should
give appropriate training to the students on the correct utilization of the system on the first day of class. Likewise, ensuring that students are regularly reminded to
make full use of the system. Also, the study suggests to monitor its implementation and evaluate its effectiveness in future research.

Short Communication Pages: 3 - 3

How end-user involvement in decision-making would impact on results: HIT quality in Saudi Arabia

Ismaeel M I Almakrami

The absence of active end-user participation in project development and implementation is considered as a major factor in project failure. This is of importance in
Saudi health care where there has been a large investment in Health Information Technology (HIT). One such technology is Picture Archiving and Communication
Systems (PACS) which should be understood as a network of devices and software working together simultaneously. PACS captures images, stores them, shares
them, and makes them available for retrieval in different locations. The major users of PACS are radiologists whose role in health care is to interpret the images
and assist physicians making diagnosis and decisions.
This paper reports a study in which radiologists in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, were first asked to define quality criteria of PACS, using five focus groups. These criteria,
together with criteria identified in the literature, were then used as the basis for a survey by questionnaire of 240 radiologists from 15 hospitals representing the
five major sectors of health care in Saudi Arabia.
In the survey, radiologists divided the criteria into “basic”, “performance”, and “delight”, following the Kano model of end-user expectations. Quality can refer to
system quality, information quality, and service quality, according to the Delone & McLean model, and in this survey radiologists attached particular importance
to quality criteria relating to service quality, rather than system quality and information quality. It also showed that radiologists were not satisfied with the extent of
their participation in the selection and implementation of PACS. Whilst satisfied that system criteria were met, they were less satisfied that service quality criteria
had been met. They also judged that their productivity and job satisfaction were higher where their participation had been higher.

Short Communication Pages: 4 - 4

Energy imbalances in diabetic patients increasing chances of acquiring Hospital Infection

Huang Wei Ling

Introduction: In 2016, an estimated 1.6 million deaths were directly caused by diabetes. Another 2.2 million deaths were attributable to high blood glucose
in 2012. Scholars from the University of London, stated that 12% of infection-related deaths were attributable to diabetes. In Traditional Chinese Medicine the
physiopathology of Diabetes is linked to Yin deficiency with Heat retention. Purpose: To demonstrate how diabetic patients have systemic energy imbalances, that
may increase their chances of acquiring hospital infection.
Methods: Literature review and analysis of different studies linking diabetes with hospital infection both in ancient medical traditions and Western Medicine. Also,
review of what have been observed and presented by the author in 27 years of practice, and several published studies.
Results: The energy imbalances leading to diabetes are part of the consequences of Heat formation. Heat formation is the same energy imbalance that can lead
to the formation of the hospital infection, in an energy point of view.
Conclusion: The conclusion of this study is that diabetic patients mostly when in taking high-concentrated medications have an increase tendency to develop
hospital infection when admitted in the hospital, because the energy imbalances, leading to the diabetes are the same energy imbalances that ease the process
of acquiring nosocomial infections.

Short Communication Pages: 5 - 5

Emotional intelligence

Mohammad Shaban

Background: Emotional intelligence has been widely accepted in the literature as part of nursing work, however the contribution of emotional intelligence in the
nursing context requires further study.
Aim: This paper consider the value of emotional intelligence to nursing present an analysis of the emotional intelligence and descriptive correlational design with
patients, nursing colleagues, and multidisciplinary team, and.
Method: A descriptive, observational and correlational study of nurses in there working area. Three variables were measured: emotional intelligence (Trait Meta-
Mood Scale-24), coping styles (the Questionnaire for Dealing with Stress) and satisfaction with nurses own learning (Satisfaction and Self-Confidence in up to
date knowledge and skills)
Results: Emotional intelligence plays an important part in forming successful human relationships. It’s important in establishing therapeutic nurse–patient
relationships but carries the risk of ‘burnout’ if prolonged or intense. To prevent this, nurses need to adopt strategies to protect their health. The potential value of
emotional intelligence in this emotional work is an issue that still needs to be explored.
Conclusions: Analysis of the literature suggests that the modern demands of nursing draw on the skills of emotional intelligence to meet the needs of direct
patient care and co�operative negotiations with the multidisciplinary team. EI can be further understood as the aptitude to combine emotion with intelligence,
utilizing emotions as a means to support problem solving and other stress management. The significance of this needs to be recognized in nurse education.
Nonetheless, emotional intelligence cannot be developed quickly enough through interpersonal skills training and therefore it is essential that nurse educators
create assessment strategies that will identify emotional intelligence at recruitment.

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