Introduction: Diabetes represents a real public health problem due to its increasing frequency, morbidity, mortality and economic cost. The process of teaching individuals to manage their diabetes was considered an important part of clinical management. The objective of this study is to evaluate the effects of a therapeutic education program for type 2 diabetic patients on their sense of self-efficacy and on their self-care behaviors and on their glycemic control (HbA1c).
Methods: This quasi-experimental study was conducted on 120 patients with type 2 diabetes who were randomly divided into two groups, experimental group and control group. The study was carried out at the outpatient endocrinology department of La Rabta University Hospital in Tunis. Data were assessed by three tools, a questionnaire for sociodemographic data, DMSES for self-efficacy and DSCAS for self-care behaviors. The therapeutic education program was set up for the experimental group, then after the intervention, the results were analyzed by the Spss-22 software.
Results: Compared to the control group, participants in the experimental group showed an improvement in self-efficacy, self-care behaviors, and HbA1c levels.
Conclusion: The results showed an improvement in the experimental group in terms of self-care behaviors, feelings of self-efficacy and HbA1c levels. There is great interest in developing therapeutic education programs aimed at supporting patients in the management of their diabetes. These programs must be specific to each topic of diabetes, over a large hourly volume. It is desirable to evaluate the contribution of these programs in the short and long term.