Vitamins & Minerals

ISSN: 2376-1318

Open Access

Vitamin D: A Review and Proposed Evidence for Treatment or Prevention in COVID-19


Singh N*, Suthar B, Mehta A, Shukla S and Pandey A

WHO declared SARS-CoV-2 a worldwide pandemic. The ambitions of this paper are to assess if there is any affiliation between mean levels of diet D in various countries and cases respectively mortality because of COVID-19. Low vitamin d repute in winter allows viral epidemics. During iciness, those who do not take nutrition d supplements are possibly to have low serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25 (OH)D] concentrations. Nutrition D can reduce the chance of viral epidemics and pandemics in numerous approaches. First, better 25 (OH)D concentrations lessen the chance of many continual illnesses, together with cancers, cardiovascular sickness, continual Respiratory Tract Infections (RTIs), diabetes mellitus, and high blood pressure. Patients with continual sicknesses have a drastically higher threat of dying from RTIs than otherwise wholesome human beings. In the 2D, nutrition D reduces the risk of Acute Respiratory Tract Infections (ARTIs) through three mechanisms: keeping tight junctions, killing enveloped viruses through induction of cathelicidin and defensins, and reducing the production of proinflammatory cytokines by means of the innate immune machine, thereby decreasing the hazard of a cytokine hurricane leading to pneumonia. Observational and supplementation trials have pronounced higher 25 (OH)D concentrations associated with decreased threat of dengue, hepatitis, herpes virus, hepatitis b, and c viruses, human immunodeficiency virus, influenza, breathing syncytial virus infections, and pneumonia. Effects of a community discipline trial pronounced herein indicated that 25 (OH)D concentrations above 50 ng/ml (125 nmol/l) vs. <20 ng/ml have been associated with a 27% discount in influenzalike ailments. From the available evidence, we hypothesize that raising serum 25 (OH)D concentrations through nutrition d supplementation may want to lessen the occurrence, severity, and chance of dying from influenza, pneumonia, and the cutting-edge COVID-19 epidemic.


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