Arabian Journal of Business and Management Review

ISSN: 2223-5833

Open Access

The Application of Elton Mayol's Human Relations Theory and Douglas McGregor’s Theory X and Y to Achieve Organization Objectives


Ojo Oluwatoyin Emmanuel*

The importance of organization is to realize its full potential by rendering services and meeting its set objectives and aims, so many concept defines what an organization is but in a simple term, organization is the process of setting a goal or some objectives with the hope of assembling different individuals or group of individuals, enlightening them and creating a bond between or among them so they can gear their efforts, skills and abilities towards realization of the objectives that brought them together. Numerous organizational theories came in to tackle the problems of low productivity, profit maximization and the issues regarding organizational inefficiency and ineffectiveness and other relating problems. The main objective of this paper is to highlight the importance of the human relations theory and theory X and Y as an approach that can help solve the conundrum of modern day’s organization, although with the emergence of new approaches to organization, human relations theories and theory X and Y should not be sideline. Both theories also suffers some criticism but they are more achievable in modern day and since the human relations theory laid the foundation for human resources management, the research recommend that the theories should be used to harmonize the work workforce of the organization and responsibilities should be given to the workers, the need to workers to be appreciated should not be neglected. Related journals, textbooks, publications and other reference materials were used in the course of this research work.


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