Vitamins & Minerals

ISSN: 2376-1318

Open Access

Proton Pump Inhibitors and Lower Serum Ferritin Levels in 171 HFE C282Y Homozygotes in the Hemochromatosis and Iron Overload Screening Study


James C Barton, Paul C Adams, Ronald T Acton, Mark Speechley, Christine E McLaren, Gordon D McLaren, Victor R Gordeuk and John H Eckfeldt

In non-screening hemochromatosis patients with HFE C282Y homozygosity who achieve iron depletion, the proton pump inhibitor (PPI) omeprazole decreases non-heme iron absorption from test meals and decreases maintenance phlebotomy requirements. We sought to determine the effect of taking PPIs and histamine H2 receptor antagonists (H2RAs) on serum ferritin (SF) levels in C282Y homozygotes diagnosed in a screening study. Methods: We compared mean ln SF in 171 homozygotes (60 men, 111 women) who reported taking and not taking PPIs and H2RAs. We performed linear regression on ln post-screening SF using age, sex, reports of taking PPIs and H2RAs, and free thyroxine levels. Results: Eleven homozygotes (6.4%) took PPIs; twelve (6.7%) took H2RAs. Mean ln SF values of male and female homozygotes who took PPIs were ~one-half those of homozygotes without PPI reports, but the differences were not significant. In an initial five-factor regression model, H2RAs and free thyroxine levels were not significant predictors of ln SF. In a final three-factor regression model, taking PPIs was associated with lower ln SF (p=0.0031) after controlling for age and sex. The final model explained 31% of the variance in ln SF. Use of H2RAs was not independently associated with ln SF. Conclusions: Taking PPIs is associated with lower SF levels in HFE C282Y homozygotes diagnosed in screening. Inorganic iron absorption may be decreased in some homozygotes who take PPIs; others who take PPIs may have upper gastrointestinal lesions that lower SF due to blood loss.


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