Abnormal and Behavioural Psychology

ISSN: 2472-0496

Open Access

Articles in press and Articles in process

    Commentary Pages: 1 - 1

    The Idea of Training Systems in Restorative Brain Research

    Gonzalo Markvan

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    Brief Report Pages: 1 - 2

    Behavioural Changes in Abused and Neglected Children

    Martin Cruz

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    Research Article Pages: 1 - 5

    Assessment of Students Indiscipline in Secondary School: Implication for Counselling

    Efosa-Ehioghiren Augustina Izehiuwa, Haruna Ezekiel and Timipre Joy Orusengha

    The study examined assessment of students’ indiscipline in secondary schools: implication for counseling. Four research questions were formulated in line with the objective of the study. Survey research design was employed for the study; the study population was all government secondary school students in Edo South Senatorial District of Edo State. The school population was 8,429. 400 students were used as sample using simple random sampling technique. Instrument used for the study was “Students Indiscipline Questionnaire” (SIQ) with 12 items. The instrument was validated by experts and a reliability coefficient of 0.80 was established using test-retest reliability technique. Mean was used as a statistical tool to answer the four research questions. The study reveals that parental attitude, government nonchalant attitude, teachers’ influence and peer-group influence among others were found to be responsible for indiscipline among secondary school students. The study Recommended among others in the home parent should live up to their responsibility as the first caregivers of the students by being more concern in what they do and how they do them by combining this with others of their house hold assignment. This will enable them to discover on time any negative behavior that may lead to indiscipline later on.

    Research Article Pages: 1 - 5

    Research on the Factors of Hyperactivity in Preschool Children

    Haowei Ti

    In order to gain a deeper understanding of the influencing factors of hyperactivity in preschool children and to explore effective suggestions for coping with hyperactivity in preschool children, 680 3-6 year old preschool children in three kindergartens in X City were selected as the subjects of the investigation. According to the Conner ADHD Rating Scale and self-made questionnaire of influencing factors, it is distributed to kindergarten teachers and parents of young children to analyze and evaluate the behavior of preschool children. The survey results show that there are many factors influencing the hyperactivity tendency of preschool children and it is basically found that children's gender, age, birth weight and other aspects have a certain impact on their hyperactivity tendency. At the same time, preschool children's hyperactivity tends to have a significant impact on aspects such as lifestyle, feeding habits and family environment. Therefore, if the preschool children's tendency to hyperactivity is reduced, it is necessary to strengthen the coordination and cooperation of all parties. Parents need to take scientific precautions in all aspects of early childhood education and living environment to minimize the incidence of preschool children’s bad behavior.

    Review Article Pages: 1 - 5

    Pragmatic Disorder in Children with ADHD

    Wael Al-Dakroury

    Although language disorders are not among the fundamental features or required to fulfill the diagnostic criteria for ADHD, several research studies revealed a high prevalence of communication disorders among children with ADHD. The evidence from the literature suggests that inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity have their effects on different speech and language skills. The American Speech-Language-Hearing Association claimed that co-occurring ADHD and speech and language disorders represent a frequently encountered challenge for school-based speech-language pathologists and other practitioners. Also, it is not uncommon to find that children with speech and language disorders are also being treated for ADHD. Language disorders are common in ADHD with accumulating evidence from several research studies on pragmatic language difficulties. Although research has examined many important aspects of language and ADHD, there have been relatively few studies that have looked at the critical aspects of the child with ADHDA ability to communicate effectively. This review is an effort towards provide a description for the pragmatic disorders in children with ADHD.

      Mini Review Pages: 1 - 3

      COVID-19 Specific Management of a Depressed Male

      Arkita Pal

      In the rapid and progressive world with fast moving regularities, COVID-19 emerged by comprehending worse effects bringing a sudden pause in every aspect globally. Devastating consequence of this pandemic has not only been inclined towards pathophysiology, but the negative impact holds a cruel role on mental health. The regular increased number of deaths confirmed, and suspected cases created enormous anxiety among normal people. This article reports a case of male, 68 years of age worrying repeatedly to have contracted COVID-19 with other symptoms. COVID 19 specific management was done followed by detailed assessment through telecommunication channel. Brief psychosocial management effectively could bring relief from anxiety and led ultimately to a steady lifestyle.

      Research Article Pages: 1 - 5

      Effectiveness of a Psycho-Educational Group Intervention Program for Improving Post-Divorce Adjustment Difficulties of Women

      Teshome Gurara*

      Background of the study: Divorce can be a deterrent factor in the personal growth and development of divorced women and children. Consequently, an intervention program is appropriate to improve problems related to post-divorce adjustment. A lot of intervention models were developed to assist women effectively deal with post-divorce adjustment difficulties. Psycho-educational group intervention program, also called rebuilding after divorce seminar, is one such intervention that proved to be effective particularly in the Western nations. However, there are no evidences if this model would apply to divorcees in different cultures like the one in Ethiopia. Given that the causes and impacts of divorce are culturally mediated, there is then is a critical need to examine the effectiveness of this model in aiding divorced women cope with adjustment difficulties accruing divorce. This study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of psycho-educational group intervention program for improving post-divorce adjustment of women.

      Methods: A pretest-posttest control group design was employed in such a way that a sample of 12 divorced women were randomly divided into experimental (n=6) and control (n=6) groups and then fisher’s divorce adjustment scale was administered to them as a pre-test and post-test measure. The intervention seminar (themes focused on managing symptoms of grief, guilt reaction, separation anger, self-worth, relatedness, love, and sexuality) was offered in five sessions for five weeks, two hours each, to the treatment group to boost skills that help dealing with the post-divorce effect, while the control group didn’t receive any treatment. Intervention gains were gauged through ancova.

      Results: Findings indicated that there were significant changes in the divorce adjustment process among the treatment group after the intervention suggesting that this intervention model was effective in rebuilding divorced women’s coping mechanisms and, therefore, can be used for similar purposes in the Ethiopian setting.

      Conclusion: The divorce recovery manual, in conjunction with the five-week seminar, is beneficial to those experiencing the trauma of divorce. It helps them to grow emotionally, physically, spiritually, and socially in the divorce adjustment process.

        Editorial Pages: 1 - 2

        Production of Vaccines from Sea Animals

        Jaswinder Singh Gandhi

        Recently there has been epidemic of opioid use disorders in
        certain parts of world and hence the mortality associated with opioid
        overdose. Different studies show that opioid overdose is generally
        witnessed; death takes a while and is generally due to respiratory
        failure. Addiction is a chronic relapsing disorder where even a
        recovering patient can relapse anytime and die of opioid overdose.

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