Abnormal and Behavioural Psychology

ISSN: 2472-0496

Open Access

Articles in press and Articles in process

    Commentary Pages: 1 - 1

    The COVID-19 Pandemic in Brazil and the Psychological Symptoms Identified by Browns and Blacks

    Breno Bezerra de Andrade* and Silvana Batista Gaino

    The existing inequalities in Brazil mean that there are greater vulnerabilities in certain regions and ethnic groups. Studies indicate that due to the lack of investments in the public health system and the large concentration of populations in slums and peripheries without basic sanitation and drinking water, the spread of COVID-19 has grown alarmingly. The repetition of the holocaust of indigenous, brown and black people makes evident the disintegration of a social system that is said to be globalized. Statistics published in April indicated that when the race/color variable was considered, browns and blacks accounted for 37.4% of hospitalizations and 45.2% of deaths. However, the mandatory inclusion of data related to the color of victims in pandemic deaths has not been respected even though it is pointed out that the adequate collection of information is essential for the establishment of protocols for mobilization and treatment of the population, as well as for containing the spread of the disease. The viruses and the formulation of public policies. The aim of this study was to investigate the psychological symptoms identified by browns and blacks during the critical period of pandemic, in the months of May and June 2020.

      Research Article Pages: 1 - 6

      Domestic Violence and the Impact upon Academic Achievement of Students

      Mohammed Rowdhan Al-sabawy* and Wissam Jabbar Qassim

      DOI: 10.37421/ /2472-0496.2023.9.194

      Introduction: Domestic violence is a significant problem that demands research and intervention. In many Arab societies, domestic violence has expanded to be a common occurrence. The study aims to identify the most prevalent forms of domestic violence and their impact on middle school student's academic achievement.

      Methods: A descriptive correlational study used a cross-sectional study design has been used through a questionnaire that was distributed among 597 middle school students from eighteen schools in Kirkuk, Iraq, conducted between November 2022 and March 2023. Excellent internal consistency reliability was shown by the instrument (Cronbach's alpha=0.91). To choose schools and subsequently classes, the researchers applied the stratified random sampling technique.

      Results: Findings revealed that (43%) had ever been the victim of domestic violence, whereas (57%) had never experienced violence of those, 56.6% had experienced verbal violence, 25% had experienced psychological violence and 18.4% had experienced physical violence. The findings show that females (54.7%) are more likely than men (45.3%) to be subjected to violence. The amount of domestic violence used against students, particularly physical violence was significantly influenced by the family's monthly income at (P-value=0.003) and the parent's education levels at (P-value=0.001). 68% of battered students performed poorly academically. The study's findings show domestic violence impacts students' ability to pay attention and concentrate in class.

      Conclusion: It is concluded that there is a moderate prevalence of domestic violence among middle school students. Experiencing any domestic violence, especially psychological violence, impacts class participation, school attendance and academic achievement.

      Research Article Pages: 1 - 7

      Comparing the Personality Traits and Psychological Welfare of Pet Owners and Ordinary People

      Zahedi Ghazaleh*, Tajerian Mostafa, Rozbehhussain and Khoshnazar Atefeh

      DOI: 10.37421/2472-0496.2023.9.194

      Taking care of pets is a phenomenon which has increased during the last decade in Iran, which can be due to the personality traits and psychological characteristics of people, and it can affect the psychological welfare of those people. Accordingly, the current study tries to compare the personality traits and psychological welfare of pet owners and ordinary people. The study uses a causative comparative method and the statistical population of the study includes all the pet owners visiting veterinary clinics of Kerman city and ordinary people living in Kerman city within the age range of 18 to 45 years from August, 2021 to February, 2022. 420 participants (210 participants for each group) were selected using convenient sampling method as the sample of the study. In order to gather the required data, two questionnaires including psychological welfare questionnaire (RSPWB) and Neo’s five-factor questionnaire were used. The data were analyzed using SPSS 22 software application and descriptive statistics (mean and standard deviation) and inferential statistics (independent t-test). The results of the study show that the level of neuroticism and openness was higher among pet owners compared to ordinary people; however, the levels of extroversion, compatibility, and responsibility were higher among ordinary individuals compared to pet owners. Moreover, the psychological welfare and its components, including self-acceptance, positive relations with others, autonomy, control over the environment, and purposeful life were higher among ordinary people than the pet owners.

      Mini Review Pages: 1 - 2

      Criminal Minds in Cyberspace: The Emerging Field of Cyber Forensic Psychology.

      Andra Boscy*

      The digital age has ushered in a new frontier for criminal behaviour and investigation. Cyber forensic psychology is a burgeoning field that delves into the minds of cybercriminals, seeking to understand their motivations, behaviours, and the psychological factors that drive them to commit online offenses. This article explores the emerging field of cyber forensic psychology, highlighting its importance, key concepts, methodologies, and the challenges it faces. With an in-depth analysis of criminal minds in cyberspace, this article sheds light on the complex interplay of psychology and technology in the digital age. In the digital age, the dynamics of crime have evolved dramatically. Criminals no longer need to operate solely in the physical world; they can commit offenses from behind a computer screen, often with a veil of anonymity. This shift has given rise to the field of cyber forensic psychology, which seeks to understand the minds of cybercriminals and the psychological factors that drive their online offenses. This article explores the emerging field of cyber forensic psychology, its significance, methodologies, and the challenges it faces in unravelling the enigma of criminal minds in cyberspace.

        Mini Review Pages: 1 - 3

        COVID-19 Specific Management of a Depressed Male

        Arkita Pal

        In the rapid and progressive world with fast moving regularities, COVID-19 emerged by comprehending worse effects bringing a sudden pause in every aspect globally. Devastating consequence of this pandemic has not only been inclined towards pathophysiology, but the negative impact holds a cruel role on mental health. The regular increased number of deaths confirmed, and suspected cases created enormous anxiety among normal people. This article reports a case of male, 68 years of age worrying repeatedly to have contracted COVID-19 with other symptoms. COVID 19 specific management was done followed by detailed assessment through telecommunication channel. Brief psychosocial management effectively could bring relief from anxiety and led ultimately to a steady lifestyle.

        Research Article Pages: 1 - 5

        Effectiveness of a Psycho-Educational Group Intervention Program for Improving Post-Divorce Adjustment Difficulties of Women

        Teshome Gurara*

        Background of the study: Divorce can be a deterrent factor in the personal growth and development of divorced women and children. Consequently, an intervention program is appropriate to improve problems related to post-divorce adjustment. A lot of intervention models were developed to assist women effectively deal with post-divorce adjustment difficulties. Psycho-educational group intervention program, also called rebuilding after divorce seminar, is one such intervention that proved to be effective particularly in the Western nations. However, there are no evidences if this model would apply to divorcees in different cultures like the one in Ethiopia. Given that the causes and impacts of divorce are culturally mediated, there is then is a critical need to examine the effectiveness of this model in aiding divorced women cope with adjustment difficulties accruing divorce. This study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of psycho-educational group intervention program for improving post-divorce adjustment of women.

        Methods: A pretest-posttest control group design was employed in such a way that a sample of 12 divorced women were randomly divided into experimental (n=6) and control (n=6) groups and then fisher’s divorce adjustment scale was administered to them as a pre-test and post-test measure. The intervention seminar (themes focused on managing symptoms of grief, guilt reaction, separation anger, self-worth, relatedness, love, and sexuality) was offered in five sessions for five weeks, two hours each, to the treatment group to boost skills that help dealing with the post-divorce effect, while the control group didn’t receive any treatment. Intervention gains were gauged through ancova.

        Results: Findings indicated that there were significant changes in the divorce adjustment process among the treatment group after the intervention suggesting that this intervention model was effective in rebuilding divorced women’s coping mechanisms and, therefore, can be used for similar purposes in the Ethiopian setting.

        Conclusion: The divorce recovery manual, in conjunction with the five-week seminar, is beneficial to those experiencing the trauma of divorce. It helps them to grow emotionally, physically, spiritually, and socially in the divorce adjustment process.

          Editorial Pages: 1 - 2

          Production of Vaccines from Sea Animals

          Jaswinder Singh Gandhi

          Recently there has been epidemic of opioid use disorders in
          certain parts of world and hence the mortality associated with opioid
          overdose. Different studies show that opioid overdose is generally
          witnessed; death takes a while and is generally due to respiratory
          failure. Addiction is a chronic relapsing disorder where even a
          recovering patient can relapse anytime and die of opioid overdose.

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