Pulmonary Tuberculosis is a contagious, infectious disease that attacks your lungs. Tuberculosis (TB) develops when Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacteria are inhaled into the lungs. The infection usually stays in the lungs. But the bacteria can travel through the bloodstream to other parts of the body (extra pulmonary TB). This stage is called latent TB. Latent TB means you have the germ but you aren’t showing the symptoms and aren’t contagious. You can treat pulmonary TB with antibiotics, but you must finish all your medications to prevent it from returning. The pathogenesis of pulmonary tuberculosis and the beneficial and detrimental effects of the host's cell-mediated immune response in this disease are reviewed.
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