Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the most common type of heart disease that is the leading cause of death in the United States in both men and women. It happens when the arteries that supply blood to heart muscle become hardened and narrowed due to the build-up of cholesterol and other material, called plaque, on their inner walls. This build-up is called atherosclerosis. Build up plague grows and reduce the flow of blood through arteries. As a result, the heart muscle can't get the blood or oxygen it needs. This can lead to chest pain (angina) or a heart attack. Most heart attacks happen when a blood clot suddenly cuts off the hearts' blood supply, causing permanent heart damage.
Related Journals: Coronary Artery Disease, Mayo Clinic Proceedings, Public Health Reports, Circulation, JAMA- The Journal of the American Medical Association, Journal of the American Academy of Physician Assistants, Journal of the American College of Cardiology, The American Journal of Cardiology, Nursing Research and Practice, American Family Physicians, International Journal of Innovative Research and Advanced Studies, Epidemiology Research International