Use of locally available leaf meals for improving growth and controlling parasitic infection in goats of hilly areas in Jammu and Kashmir, India

Veterinary Science & Technology

ISSN: 2157-7579

Open Access

Use of locally available leaf meals for improving growth and controlling parasitic infection in goats of hilly areas in Jammu and Kashmir, India

3rd International Conference on Veterinary & Livestock

November 02-03, 2017 Bangkok, Thailand

Mandeep Singh Azad, R K Arora and Arvinder Kumar

Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Jammu, India

Scientific Tracks Abstracts: J Vet Sci Technol

Abstract :

Gastrointestinal parasitism especially Haemonchus contortus is a major problem in goat production worldwide, these parasites cause diarrhea, anemia, reduced weight gain and thus result increased production costs. Th e locally available fodder trees like Kikkar (Acacia nilotica), Amla (Emblica offi cinalis), Jamun (Syzygium cuminii), Dhaman (Grewia optiva), Mango (Mangiferra indica) found in hilly areas of Jammu and Kashmir can be used in complete feed blocks to meet the protein defi ciency as well as control the parasitic load of the livestock. Crude protein content of these leaves were 20.00├?┬▒0.44, 10.58├?┬▒0.54, 11.02├?┬▒0.11, 25.56├?┬▒0.48, 10.62├?┬▒0.57, respectively. Th e study was carried out to assess the eff ect of complete feed blocks and condensed tannins (CT) supplementation through leaf meal mixture (LMM) on feed intake and fecal egg counts in Haemonchus contortus infected goat. 30 goats were randomly divided into three groups (C, T1 and T2) of 10 animals in each group in a completely randomized block design for a period of 3 months. T1 group was supplemented with complete feed blocks without any leaf meal mixture whereas T2 group was supplemented with leaf meal mixture @ 1.5%. Body weights were recorded at day 0 and then 15 days interval for a period of 90 days. Th e fecal samples were collected at 0,7th, 15th day and thereaft er at 15 days intervals for a period of 3 months for the assessment of feed intake, body weight changes and H. contortus loads. Feed intake and weight gain was almost similar in both the treatment groups T1 and T2 but were comparatively better than the controlled group with normal feeding. Th e mean fecal egg counts was signifi cantly (P<0.001) higher in T1 group as compared to T2 group. It may be concluded that dietary supplementation of CT (1.5%) through LMM improved the overall growth and production and thus can help poor hilly farmers in making goat farming an economically viable enterprise. Supplementation of CT through leaf meal mixture could be used as an alternative sustainable method to control H. contortus infection.

Biography :

Mandeep Singh Azad is currently working as a Scientist in Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Jammu from last 7 years. He has an experience of working in remote areas with specially small and marginal farmers. He has done his Masters from National Dairy Research Institute in Animal Genetics and Breeding. He has made around 100 research contributions in the form of research papers, popular articles and abstracts in international and national journals. He has also published 3 books with international and national publishers. He is mainly working for transfer of technology from labs to farmer’s ├»┬Č┬ü eld. He is a member of various organizations related to animal sciences and agriculture.

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