Tumor infiltrating cytotoxic CD8 T-Cells predict clinical outcome of neuroblastoma in children

Journal of Cytology & Histology

ISSN: 2157-7099

Open Access

Tumor infiltrating cytotoxic CD8 T-Cells predict clinical outcome of neuroblastoma in children

4th International Conference on Cytopathology & Histopathology

August 29-30, 2018 | Boston, USA

Mahtab rahbar

Iran University School of Medicine, Iran

Posters & Accepted Abstracts: J Cytol Histol

Abstract :

Neuroblastoma is often infiltrated by inflammatory cells. One possible role of these inflammatory cells is that they represent a cellmediated immune response against cancer. CD8+ lymphocytes are a known crucial component of cell-mediated immunity. This study was to explore the prognostic value of tumor-infiltrating CD8+ cytotoxic lymphocytes in Neuroblastoma. Tumor-infiltrating CD8+ lymphocytes were assessed by immunohistochemical staining of tumor tissue from 36 neuroblastoma from April 2008 to May 2015. The number of CD8+ T-cells was counted in tumor nest (intratumoral) and in the fibrovascular stroma of the tumor (peritumoral), and their relationship with clinicopathologic outcome was determined. The total number of CD8+ cells was inversely correlated with tumor histology grade (P < 0.001), vascular invasion (P < 0.001), capsular invasion (P < 0.002), calcification (P < 0.005), necrosis of tumor (P < 0.001), regional lymph nodes invasion (P < 0.003), distant metastasis (P < 0.003), stage (P < 0.003), and was positive correlated with N-my oncogene presentation (P < 0.002) in neuroblastoma. However, there were no correlation between patient's age, sex, and size of tumor with infiltration of CD8+ cells (P < 0.097, P < 0.142, and P < 0.722, respectively). In this analysis, the total CD8 T-cell count was a dependent prognostic factor in children. Total number and stromal CD8 lymphocytes were associated with better patient survival (P < 0.003 and P < 0.05, respectively) in children. CD8 T lymphocytes have antitumor activity and influence the behavior of neuroblastoma and might be potentially be exploited in the treatment of neuroblastoma.

Biography :



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