Elie G Hantouche and Sana N El Kalash
American University of Beirut, Lebanon
Posters & Accepted Abstracts: J Civil Environ Eng
The finite element (FE) simulations and the experimental results are used to develop a mechanical model to predict the beam axial force-temperature and rotation of top and seat angle connections with and without web angles when exposed to elevated temperatures. First, FE models were developed and validated against experimental results available in the literature at elevated temperature. Second, FE models were developed to conduct an extensive parametric study to investigate some major geometric parameters such as load ratio, beam length, angle thickness, gap distance, that impact the behavior of these connections when exposed to fire. Third, a mechanical model, that considers the major geometric and material properties, was developed to predict the thermal axial force and rotation response. The mechanical model consists of multi-linear and nonlinear springs that predict each component stiffness, strength and rotation. The beam stiffness was included in the proposed model to predict beam-column connection assembly rotation and thermal axial forces and their effect on the connection response. The proposed model provides important insights into fire-induced thermal forces and deformations and their implications on the design of steel bolted top and seat angle connections with and without web angles under fire.
Journal of Civil and Environmental Engineering received 1798 citations as per Google Scholar report