Sustainable construction, landslides of Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam in Ethiopia

Journal of Civil and Environmental Engineering

ISSN: 2165-784X

Open Access

Sustainable construction, landslides of Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam in Ethiopia

International Conference on Sustainable Civil Engineering

June 20-21, 2016 Cape Town, South Africa

Ayman F Batisha

International Sustainability Institute, USA

Posters & Accepted Abstracts: J Civil Environ Eng

Abstract :

Landslide-generated ground failures are common geo-environmental hazards especially in the mountainous terrains. Ethiopia is currently implementing huge dams and hydropower infrastructural development. Landslides and landslide-generated ground failures need to be given due attention in order to reduce losses from such hazards. Dam related landslides are extremely widespread in mountainous areas. Landslides may occur in conjunction with other vital natural disasters such as earthquakes, floods, and volcanic eruptions. The incidence of landslide disasters has been increased by changing land-use practices and unsustainable urbanization. Landslide disasters include human injury, loss of life and economic devastation. Landslide should be studied as part of the fields of earth, water and engineering sciences. The objective of the paper is to assess landslide processes, hazards, risk analysis, mitigation, and the protection of both Ethiopia and Nile River Basin and the environment related to construction of Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam. The paper presents landslide mechanisms and processes, risk evaluation, hazard assessment, and vulnerability assessment, monitoring systems, reservoir related landslides, landslide disasters in urban areas and along critical infrastructure, landslides and natural resources, land development and land-use practices and landslide remedial measures and prevention works are assessed. The paper concludes that landslides should be highlighted and associated with geohazards to be considered by planners, decision-makers, and concerned organizations.

Biography :


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