Stroma-derived extracellular vesicles deliver tumor-suppressive mi-RNAs to pancreatic cancer cells

Cancer Science & Therapy

ISSN: 1948-5956

Open Access

Stroma-derived extracellular vesicles deliver tumor-suppressive mi-RNAs to pancreatic cancer cells


October 19-21, 2017 | Rome, Italy

Song Han

University of Florida, USA

Scientific Tracks Abstracts: J Cancer Sci Ther

Abstract :

The biology of tumor-associated stroma (TAS) in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is not well understood. The paradoxical observation that stroma-depletion strategies lead to progression of PDAC reinforced the need to critically evaluate the functional contribution of TAS in the initiation and progression of PDAC. PDAC and TAS cells are unique in their expression of specific miRNAs, and this specific miRNA expression pattern alters host to tumor microenvironment interactions. Using primary human pancreatic TAS cells and primary xenograft PDAC cells co-culture, we provided evidence of miRNA trafficking and exchanging between TAS and PDAC cells, in a two-way, cell-contact independent fashion, via extracellular vesicles (EVs) transportation. Selective packaging of miRNAs into EVs led to enrichment of stromal specific miR-145 in EVs secreted by TAS cells. Highly-concentrated exosomes, but not micro-vesicles, derived from human TAS cells demonstrated a tumor suppressive role by inducing PDAC cell apoptosis. This effect was mitigated by anti-miR-145 sequences. Our data suggest that TAS-derived miRNAs are delivered to adjacent PDAC cells via exosomes and suppress tumor cell growth. These data highlight that TAS cells secrete exosomes carrying tumor suppressive genetic materials, a possible anti-tumor capacity. Future work of the development of patient-derived exosomes could have therapeutic implications for unresectable PDAC.

Biography :

Song Han completed her MD in 1987 and PhD in 1996, both from Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, China. She received Postdoctoral training (1996-2008) at Cardiff University, UK. She is currently a Research Faculty at the University of Florida. Her research interest includes the understanding and translational application of extracellular vesicle transporting microRNAs in the cross-talk between tumor-associated stroma (TAS) and cancer cells in pancreatic cancer tumor microenvironment. She has published more than 45 papers in reputed journals and has been serving as reviewer of several high-impact journals.

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