Quercetin enhances sensitivity of MDA-MB231cells to doxorubicin by negative regulation of Nrf2 pathway

Cancer Science & Therapy

ISSN: 1948-5956

Open Access

Quercetin enhances sensitivity of MDA-MB231cells to doxorubicin by negative regulation of Nrf2 pathway

World Congress on Breast Cancer

August 03-05, 2015 Birmingham, UK

Nasser Samadi and Mehdi Sabzichi

Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Iran

Scientific Tracks Abstracts: J Cancer Sci Ther

Abstract :

Nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2)is a transcription factor that regulate expression of a battery of cytoprotective genes.Over expression of Nrf2 was found in many types of cancers, and created an environment advantageous for cancer cell survival.At physiological concentrations, quercetin as a flavonoid compound can inhibit Nrf2 and sensitized cancer cells to chemotherapeutic agents. We reported quercetin loaded in phytosomeas advanced nanoparticlescarrierkilled cancer cells by more specific when combined with doxorubicin. In this study, we prepared nanophytosoms of quercetin to enhance the bioavailability of quercetin and improve passive targeting in breast cancer cells. Our results showed that co-treatment of the cells with nano particles containing quercetin and doxorubicin has the highest percentage of cell death in MDA-MB 231cells (p<0.05).Furthermore, quercetin-loaded nanoparticles reduced Nrf2 gene expression at mRNA level in the cells higher than quercetin alone (p<0.05). Similarly, expression of downstream genes forNrf2 including NQO1 and MRP1 were reduced significantly (p<0.05).Taken together, these results suggest that phytosome technology can improve the efficacy of chemotherapy by overcoming resistance and enhances permeability cancer cells to chemical treatment and may thus be considered as a potential delivery system to increase the therapeutic protocols in cancer patients.

Biography :

Nasser Samadi is currently an Assistant Professor and Head of the Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine at Tabriz University of Medical Sciences. His doctorate degree is in Medical Laboratory Sciences from Tabriz University of Medical Sciences. He received his PhD in Clinical Biochemistry and Postdoctoral Fellowship in Cancer Biotechnology from University of Alberta, Canada. Nasser is an active educator and trainer and is the PI of several training grants and programs. His research is in the field of cancer biotechnology and chemo-resistance. He has authored over 20 articles and book chapters in the field of cancer and breast cancer research.

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