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Prevalence, characteristics and correlates of enteric pathogenic protozoa in drinking water sources in Molyko and Bomaka, Cameroon: A cross-sectional study
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Medical Microbiology & Diagnosis

ISSN: 2161-0703

Open Access

Prevalence, characteristics and correlates of enteric pathogenic protozoa in drinking water sources in Molyko and Bomaka, Cameroon: A cross-sectional study


International Conference on Medical and Clinical Microbiology

July 03-04, 2017 Bangkok, Thailand

Buh Amos Wung, Fuh Anold Nsoh, Julius Atashili, Pokam Thumamo Benjamin, Eba Marvlyn, Keumami Katte Ivo and Assob Jules Cl?©ment Nguedia

University of Buea, Cameroon

Posters & Accepted Abstracts: J Med Microb Diagn

Abstract :

Background: Access to potable water remains a major challenge particularly in resource-limited settings. Although the potential contaminants of water are varied, enteric pathogenic protozoa are known to cause waterborne diseases greatly. This study aimed at investigating the prevalence, characteristics and correlates of enteric pathogenic protozoa in drinking water sources in Buea, Cameroon. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted using 155 water samples collected from various drinking sources (boreholes, springs, taps and wells). Each sample was subjected to physicochemical examinations (pH, turbidity, odour and sliminess) and parasitological analysis (wet mount, modified Ziehl-Neelsen stain) to determine the presence of enteric pathogenic protozoa. A data collection tool was used to note characteristics of collected samples and the data was analysed using EPI-INFO Version 3.5.3. Results: The overall prevalence of enteric pathogenic protozoa in water sources was 62.6%. Eight species of enteric protozoa were observed with Cryptosporidium parvum being the most predominant (45.8%). Spring water was the most contaminated source with enteric protozoa (85.7%) while pipe borne water had all eight species of protozoa identified. A pH of 6 was the only significant factor associated with the prevalence of these pathogens in water sources. Conclusion: The prevalence of enteric protozoa in water sources in Molyko and Bomaka is high, spring water is the most contaminated water source and Cryptosporidium parvum is the most common protozoa contaminating water. A water pH of 6 is associated to the prevalence of protozoa. Community members need to be educated to treat water before drinking to avoid infection by enteric protozoa in water and further studies with larger samples of water need to be conducted to find other correlates of the presence of protozoa in water.

Biography :

Email: bamosw@yahoo.fr

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