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Multiplication of virulent bacteriophage: Interactions with the host
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Molecular and Genetic Medicine

ISSN: 1747-0862

Open Access

Multiplication of virulent bacteriophage: Interactions with the host


Joint Event on 10th International Conference on Genomics and Molecular Biology & 6th International Conference on Integrative Biology

May 21-23, 2018 Barcelona, Spain

Arieh Zaritsky and Avinoam Rabinovitch

Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Israel

Scientific Tracks Abstracts: J Mol Genet Med

Abstract :

Dependence of virulent (bacterio) phage multiplication on the physiological state of its host, conceived in the 1940â??s,was refinedfor the T4/Escherichia coli model system.The knownkinetic parameters (adsorption rate, eclipse and latent periods, ripening-rate, and consequent burst size) are relatedsolely to the hostâ??s physiological state expressed by the bacterial growth rate before infection.Numerical models were advanced to explain (a)dependence of phage multiplication dynamics on hostâ??s physiology, (b) co-existence of phage and its susceptible bacteria based on phage suicideand (c) kinetics of cell lysis based on materials corrosion, statistics of extremes and updated knowledge on bacterial physiology and phage biology. A mathematical model (d) was devisedto maximize phage titers by adjusting values of bacterial doubling time and initial multiplicity of infection (MOI). Results display a range of possible values along a golden strip in the relevant plane, and times to achieve these maxima and gains were evaluated.Resolution of the adsorption kinetics was refined (e) by frequent (~5 min-1) sampling at MOI=1 during the first 6 min. The observed fast drop in free phage and bacteria is consistent with a relatively simple model. The sharper reduction in viable cells indicates that adsorption is more complex than thought to be.The consistencies of the various models with existing experimental resultssupport predictability and potential use to improve phage therapy.

Biography :

Arieh Zaritsky obtained a distinguished MSc in Genetics at the Hebrew University, Israel in 1967. He completed his PhD from Leicester University, UK in 1971 and Post-doctorate at University Institute of Microbiology, Copenhagen, Denmark in 1972. During his career, he has instructed over 50 graduate students/scientists and was awarded numerous research grants. He visited higher education institutions around the world and delivered invited lectures at international meetings. He is a recognized expert in Bacterial and Bacteriophage Physiology, on which he has published about half of his 130 peer-reviewed articles, and was awarded (1994) Burroughs-Wellcome/ ASM Visiting Professorship.
Email:ariehzar@gmail.com

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