Molecular epidemiology of Theileria annulata in bovine of three different temporal regions of Pakistan

Veterinary Science & Technology

ISSN: 2157-7579

Open Access

Molecular epidemiology of Theileria annulata in bovine of three different temporal regions of Pakistan

Global Veterinary Microbiology and Veterinary Medicine Summit

October 17-18, 2016 Chicago, USA

Shahid Hussain Farooqi, Muhammad Ijaz, Amjad Khan, Amjad Islam Aqib and Muhmmad Kashif Hussain

University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Pakistan

Posters & Accepted Abstracts: J Veterinar Sci Techno

Abstract :

Tropical theileriosis is a tick-borne hemoparasitic disease caused by Theileria annulata, which negatively affects the immune physiology of the livestock and hence make them more prone to a number of serious health maladies. A study was conducted in three temporal zones of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK) province of Pakistan, to monitor the prevalence of T. annulata and the associated risk factors in bovine at molecular level. A total of 900 blood samples were collected from 479 cows and 421 buffaloes. The overall prevalence of T. annulata was found 18.88%. The central zone showed the highest prevalence i.e., 21.66% (49/300), followed by southern and northern zone with 18.66% (65/300) and 16.33% (56/300) prevalence, respectively. Cows were found significantly more susceptible as compared to buffalo population. The univariate analysis of risk factors like temporal zone, specie, breed, sex, age, management system, tick infestation, previous tick history, tick control, type of acricide used and interval of acricide usage showed a significant (p<0.05) association with prevalence of T. annulata in bovine of the three zones. Previous history, tick infestation and breed of animals especially in cows were found as the most potential risk factor of tropical theileriosis. The results revealed here will help in developing more effective control strategies in future for dairy farmers in Pakistan.

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