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Lipogenic metabolism in ovarian cancer cells and its non-malignant precursors
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Cancer Science & Therapy

ISSN: 1948-5956

Open Access

Lipogenic metabolism in ovarian cancer cells and its non-malignant precursors


8th Euro Global Summit on Cancer Therapy

November 03-05, 2015 Valencia, Spain

Thomas W Grunt1,2 , Daniel Veigel1, Renate Wagner1, Gerald St?¼biger1, Martin Filipits1, Reinhard Horvat1, Peter Valent1,2, and Michael Grusch1

1Medical University of Vienna, Austria
2Ludwig Boltzmann Cluster Oncology, Austria

Posters-Accepted Abstracts: J Cancer Sci Ther

Abstract :

Ovarian cancer (OC) is caused by genetic aberrations in networks that control growth and survival. Importantly, aberrant cancer metabolism interacts with oncogenic signaling providing additional drug targets. Tumors over express the lipogenic enzyme fatty acid synthase (FASN) and are inhibited by FASN-blockers, whereas normal cells are FASN-negative and FASN-inhibitor-resistant. Here we demonstrate that this holds true when ovarian/oviductal cells reside in their autochthonous tissues, whereas in culture they express FASN and are FASN-inhibitor-sensitive. Upon subculture, non-malignant cells cease growth, express senescence-associated- ?²-galactosidase, lose FASN and become FASN-inhibitor-resistant. Immortalized ovarian/oviductal epithelial cell lines â?? although resisting senescence â?? reveal distinct growth activities, which correlate with FASN-levels and FASN-drug-sensitivities. Accordingly, ectopic FASN stimulates growth in these cells. Moreover, FASN-levels and lipogenic activities affect cellular lipid composition as demonstrated by thin-layer chromatography. Correlation between proliferation and FASN-levels was finally evaluated in cancer cells such as HOC-7, which contain sub-clones with variable differentiation/senescence and corresponding FASN-expression/ FASN-drug-sensitivity. Interestingly, senescent phenotypes can be induced in parental HOC-7 by differentiating agents. In OC cells, FASN-drugs induce cell cycle-blockade in S and/or G2/M and stimulate apoptosis, whereas in normal cells they only cause cell cycle-deceleration without apoptosis. Thus normal cells, although growth-inhibited, may survive and recover from FASN-blockade, whereas malignant cells get extinguished. FASN-expression and FASN-drug-sensitivity are directly linked to cell growth and correlate with transformation/ differentiation/senescence only indirectly. FASN is therefore a metabolic marker of cell proliferation rather than a marker of malignancy and is a useful target for future drug development.

Biography :

Email: thomas.grunt@meduniwien.ac.at

Google Scholar citation report
Citations: 3644

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