Inhibition of transketolase by oxythiamine altered dynamics of protein signals in pancreatic cancer cells

Cancer Science & Therapy

ISSN: 1948-5956

Open Access

Inhibition of transketolase by oxythiamine altered dynamics of protein signals in pancreatic cancer cells

3rd World Congress on Cancer Science & Therapy

October 21-23, 2013 DoubleTree by Hilton Hotel San Francisco Airport, CA, USA

Jing Xiao, Jiarui Wang, Danjun Ma, Wai-Nang Paul Lee, Yingchun Zhao, Vay Liang Go, Qi Wang, Yun Yen, Robert Recker and Gary Guishan Xiao

Accepted Abstracts: J Cancer Sci Ther

Abstract :

Oxythiamine (OT), an analogue of anti-metabolite, can suppress the nonoxidative synthesis of ribose and induce cell apoptosis by causing a G1 phase arrest in vitro and in vivo . However, the molecular mechanism remains unclear yet. In the present study, a quantitative proteomic analysis using the modified SILAC method (mSILAC) was performed to determine the effect of metabolic inhibition on dynamic changes of protein expression in MIA PaCa-2 cancer cells treated with OT at various doses (0 μM, 5 μM, 50 μM and 500 μM) and time points (0 h, 12 h and 48 h). A total of 52 differential proteins in MIA PaCa-2 cells treated with OT were identified, including 14 phosphorylated proteins. Based on the dynamic expression pattern, these proteins were categorized in three clusters, straight down-regulation (cluster 1, 37% of total proteins), upright ?V? shape expression pattern (cluster 2, 47.8% total), and downright ?V? shape pattern (cluster 3, 15.2% total). Among them, annexin A1 expression was significantly down-regulated by OT treatment in time-dependent manner, while no change of this protein was observed in OT dose-dependent fashion. Pathway analysis suggested that inhibition of transketolase resulted in changes of multiple cellular signaling pathways associated with cell apoptosis. The temporal expression patterns of proteins revealed that OT altered dynamics of protein expression in time-dependent fashion by suppressing phosphor kinase expression, resulting in cancer cell apoptosis. Results from this study suggest that interference of single metabolic enzyme activity altered multiple cellular signaling pathways.

Biography :

Jing Xiao, Professor and Director of the Functional Genomics and Proteomics laboratories at the Alegent Creighton University Medical Center, is an internationally recognized expert in the field of proteomics and metabolomics of cancers and bone disease. He earns his Ph.D. in molecular computational biology about a dozen years ago, focusing on structural modeling of ligand-enzyme interaction and prediction of protein refolding pathways during protein translational process. His research is highly focusing on functional genomics & proteomics analyses of complex disease Including osteoporosis and cancer (especially, breast cancer, pancreatic cancer and prostate cancer). With the established new functional genomics and proteomics platform, he has established several projects covering function of microRNA in estrogen signaling, functional proteomics (focusing on the role of protein posttranslational modifications in cancer and osteoporosis), and proteomics technology development.He has been regular reviewer or ad hoc reviewer for several medical journals, different funding agency such as NIH and several journal editorial board members.

Google Scholar citation report
Citations: 3968

Cancer Science & Therapy received 3968 citations as per Google Scholar report

Cancer Science & Therapy peer review process verified at publons

Indexed In

arrow_upward arrow_upward